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W. J. Fletcher in his book The Gee Family restates the opinion given in the genealogy Relique of the Rives by Childs that Charles and Henry Gee were brothers. According to Fletcher, there is a family tradition that two brothers came to Virginia from England when it was first settled and that one was a bachelor. This is taken to mean that he left no male heirs to carry the Gee name. That Charles and Henry were related is born out by the proximity of their arrival and location in Virginia. More importantly however is the use of the name Henry as a hereditary name given to sons descended from Charles Gee.
Henry Gee of Henrico County, Virginia
Henrico County lay on both sides of the James River. The Chickahominy River bounded the northern edge and the Appomattox River the southern edge, curving to form the eastern boundary with Turkey Island Creek. No perimeter was set in the west. In 1727 the upper, or northern portion was first Goochland, and then in 1748, Chesterfield in the area south of the James River. From Goochland came Cumberland and Buckingham, Nelson, Fluvanna, Albermarle, Amherst and Campbell Counties. Henrico parishes were the original Henrico, Varina, Bristol and Dale. Bristol Parish was created in 1642 for the convenience of the settlers along the Appomattox River. It originally extended from Cawson’s field at the mouth of the Appomattox River on the east, and Powell’s Creek on the west extending up to the falls at the site of Petersburg. It extended into the area that was to become Prince George County, and later Dinwiddie County, and partly into Henrico in what became Chesterfield County. The portion that lay north of the Appomattox River and south of the James River became Dale Parish in 1734.
In an examination of the records of Henrico County it is interesting to note that there were less than thrity individuals who were referred to with the title of Mr., which denoted someone of social and economic power. Among these were the Elams, Gilbert, Martin, and William Elam as well as Henry Gee.
Henry Gee married Mary Elam, daughter of Gilbert Elam, a prosperous planter of Henrico County. They had two sons who reached maturity, Henry Jr. and Gilbert. In the 1679 census of Henrico County, Henry was titled Mr. This indicates he was considered a gentleman and held a position of respect in the community.
Henry or his son Henry Jr. participated in the protests that became Bacon’s Rebellion. The following are in the records of Virginia:
The 17th March 1676-7.
By the right honourable the governour and honourable council of Virginia.
Wm. Tiba’ls & Henry Gee, ordered to appear before the king’s commissioners at Swan’s Point, for scandalizing them and disturbing the peace of the country. Whereas Captain Wm. Byrd gave information to this court yesterday that Wm. Tiballs and Henry Gee did utter severall scandalous words tending very much to the prejudice of the right honourable his majesties commissioners, and the peace and quiett of this country; this court have therefore thought fitt, and accordingly have ordered that the said captain Wm. Bird, together with the above named persons, and all the evidences doe forthwith goe over to the place of abode, at Swans Point, of the right honourable commissioners, there to be by them examined and to receive such punishment for their offence as they shall think fitt.
W. Tballs & Hen. Gee fin’d in 1000 lb. pork each for sp’ng disrespecfully of the king’s commission’rs. Whereas Wm Tiballs and Henry Gee, of Henrico county being brought before this court for uttering divers scandalous and mutinous words tending to the disquiett of the country and reflecting upon his majesties commissioners, and the court desireing the commissioners to examine the matter and make report, who gave report that the charge was sufficiently proved before them, this court have therefore thought fitt, and doe accordingly order that the said Wm. Tiballs and Henry Gee, each of them pay one thousand pounds of neate porke for the use of his majesties souldiers, and the sherriffe of Henrico county is order’d to take security from the said Tiballs and Gee for the payment of the said Porke in November next, and likewise to see if they have not given bond with security for their treason and rebellion, that good security be taken from them.
Several heavy fines, payable in pork, were inflicted upon individual rebels at this time because this was found to be a convenient way to provide rations for the king’s troops who were sent over to quell the rebellion.
Later, in the records of Charles City County we find this notation: Court at Westover before 1 Dec. 1677: Henry Gee witness to a power of atty.
1676/7, Henry Gee, with John Pleasants, witnessed the will of William Hatcher. It was filed in 1680 and Henry gave his oath and John Pleasants, being a Quaker, affirmed. It gave everything to Thomas Burton, Jr., including land adjacent to Gilbert Elam and Mr. Henry Lound. Thomas Burton was also provided a year’s schooling and was seventeen years of age. This was really a girt deed, and in 1680 Edward and Benjamin Hacher, living sons of Henry Hatcher, gave a gift of cattle to the minor chidren of their deceased brother Henry Hatcher.
In 1678, Gilbert Elam gave a deed to his grandson Henry Gee Jr. Henry Jr. was probably sixteen years old or older by 1678. On April 1, 1689 a gift deed from Mary Gee, widow, of the County of Henrico was recorded. The gifts of household utensils were given to her sons Henry Jr. and Gilbert. The deed also states, …My two sons shall stay with my father until they come to 16 years and then to have their own labor and 3 breeding cattle, which my father Elam will make good to them when they come to the years aforesaid.
The deed in 1678 from Gilbert Elam to Henry Gee Jr. was certainly the payment for Henry’s labor of apprenticeship. The gift deed from Henry and Gilbert’s mother was probably recorded when Gilbert reached sixteen years of age to establish that it had been satisfied by Gilbert Elam. Why both sons were apprenticed to their grandfather was most likely done to teach them a trade which Gilbert possessed, perhaps it included the skills needed as a planter and evidently Henry Sr. was unable to teach them. Perhaps he was adventuring in the west.
In a text which examines the trades in this time period there is a notation regarding weavers. It makes it clear that the colonists were in dire need of reliable and affordable goods from England. In 1659, finding it difficult to obtain clothing from Engand, the General Assmebly estimated that five women or young children under thirteen could produce enough clothing for thirty colonists. However, there was a lack of looms to weave the yarn produced. So, the county courts were ordered to set up a loom and employ a weaver, and they were fined two thousand pounds of tobacco if they failed to accomplish this task. Producers of linen, and woolen goods such as linsey-woolsey were paid six pounds of tobacco by the county, under several acts passed before 1682. The cloth had to be three-quarters of a yard wide and of good quality. Parliament enacted controls on the production of woolen goods, and so what was made by Viginians was for their own use. There were few sheep in the colony, and those on plantations were for home use. The lack of skilled mechanics, including weavers and tailors, was a concern of the Governor over forty years later, in 1692. By 1700, most Virginia planters made a coarse cloth of mixtures of cotton, linen and wool clothing their servants and slaves. Inventories of stores from the mid 1660’s to the early part of the next century, show that merchants were not only importing tools and iron manufactured goods, but yards and yards of a large variety of cloth, from utilitarian fabrics to luxury yard goods. Most large estate inventories included a spinning wheel, some two or three, and wool or flax cards. There were also a few looms. Martin Elam of Henrico County was one of the few who possessed a loom in his inventory, and by this we can deduce he was a weaver by trade. (Economic History of Virginia; Bruce 1896.)
We know Henry died between 1680 and 1689. His widow married Robert Broadway who was a poor provider being sued by creditors and indited for swearing oaths. When he died, Mary presented an inventory of their possessions which clearly demonstrates they were poor.
Gilbert Elam’s will was probated in 1696 in Henrico County. He left 120 acres to his grandson Henry Gee and 370 acres on Falling Creek near Richmond jointly to Elizabeth Elam, his daughter, and Gilbert Gee his grandson.
It would seem that Henry Gee Jr. was born in 1662 and Gilbert around 1673. Henry Sr. likely arrived in Virginia by 1660 or earlier. He may have been among the large number of Anglican middle class immigrants who came to escape Cromwell between 1649 and 1660 or a younger son of a merchant or ship’s captain.
Henry Gee, Jr. of Henrico
In 1678 is a record in Henrico County that states that Henry Gee, Jr., son of Henry Gee and Mary Elam, his wife, was a witness to a deed. The 1704-05 quit rent rolls record Henry Gee held 400 acres in Henrico County for which he was taxed. This most certainly was Henry Jr. His wife was the widow Elizabeth Trent, mother of Henry Trent whose will in 1726 mentions his mother Elizabeth Gee. Her maiden name was Elizabeth Sherman, daughter of Henry Sherman and Cecily Hutchins of Henrico. She was also the mother of Alexander Trent, who died before 10/2/1732, Henry Trent, who died before 9/5/1726, John Trent, William Trent, Susanna Trent who married a Nunnary, Rebecka Trent who married a Wacker and Mary Trent who married Richard Cox. Richard Cox left a will in July, 1734 in Henrico County. Mary’s will was filed the next year. It is unclear if this was the Richard Cox who had dealings with Micajah Perry and Thomas Scott, whose story follows in The Scott Family.
The following deed is recorded in William Byrd’s Title Book: Deeds of lease and release dated respectively February 20, 1714 and February 25, 1714, whereby Henry Gee of Henrico Co., planter, and Elizabeth, his wife, convey to William Byrd, of Charles City County, Esquire, 60 acres on upper side Falling Creek, Henrico County on the east side of Grindall’s Run lately recovered by Henry Gee and his wife from Christopher Branch, and is part of 1,100 acres granted by patent in 1689 to Thomas Mathews.
In exchange for this land William Byrd conveyed to the said Gees 150 acres of land. These deeds were signed Henry Gee and Elizabeth Gee, who made her mark. The witnesses were R. Blaws, John Woodson Jr., John Scott, Thomas Jefferson, Isham Eppes, and Henry Anderson. Both deeds were recorded at the Henrico County Court, April 4, 1715. The 150 acres which Henry received was located between Falling Creek and Grindall’s Run and the sixty acres received by William Byrd joined on the upper side of Grindall’s Run and reached to the mouth of Falling Creek.
William Byrd II’s diary covered the period 1709 to 1712. It mentions a Mr. Gee, occasionally giving the appendage Hal Gee. It records that Mr. Gee visited and ate with William Byrd, and that Byrd went to Mr. Gee’s home. On one occasion, Byrd met Colonel Hill at Gee’s home.
April 31, 1711. I rose about 6 o’clock and read two chapters in Hebrew and some Greek in Lucian. I said my prayers and ate boiled milk for breakfast. My wife told me of the misfortunes of Mrs. Dunn—that her husband had beat her, and that she had complained to Mr. Gee of it, who made Mr. Dunn swear that he would never beat her again; that he threatened to kill her and abused her extremely…
It is likely that this was in connection to the land transaction later completed.
In Henrico County, in 1713, Henry Gee served on a jury to hear a case of trespass between John Woodson and Edward New. Also serving was Walter Scott, and Edward Goode. In July, 1717 William Randolph of Henrico County deeded to John Bolling of Henrico, a tract of land lying on the south side of the James River in Henrico, which was bounded by the land of John Bowman, Jr. containing 150 acres, being land conveyed by Henry Gee to Giles Webb, Gentleman, deceased. Henry Gee, Jr. died in 1719. Elizabeth Gee died in 1732 and her will was probated in Henrico County. None of the heirs noted in these wills were Gees.
Christopher Branch arrived in Virginia in aboard the London Merchant, in 1620 with his wife Mary and son Thomas aged 9 months. They were counted in the Muster of the Inhabitants of the Colledge Land taken in January, 1624. This land was in Henrico County, and was designated for the building of a university.
Gilbert Gee of Prince George
Gilbert Gee married Catherine Roberts, widow in 1723. In 1725 Gilbert and John Trent received 400 acres in Henrico County. John Trent and Gilbert Gee of the County and Parish of Henrico sold to Seth Ward, son in law of John Worsham, 200 acres for ₤25, being the plantation that John Trent was then living on. It was located on the south side of the James River; touching on the south side of a branch of the Lower Manikin Town Creek. In 1726-27 Gilbert is noted in Prince George County where he held land.
In the March Court, 1728 records of Goochland, is a suit between Rowland Thomas, plaintiff, and Gilbert Gee, defendant. A countersuit was filed by Gee against Thomas for trespass in the December Court. In April, 1730 Gilbert sold to John Roberts for 33 shillings, 100 acres on the south side of the James River by the French line, John Wooldridge and Richard Dean; being part of 400 acres granted Gilbert Gee and John Trent by patent in March, 1725.
Gilbert’s will was probated in Henrico County in 1734. His wife was made executrix. He gave to Daniel Esly, 100 acres next to John Wooldridge, Peter Subly, Seth Ward, and John Roberts. The witnesses were John Perdue, John Belsher and John Ferguson. In 1761, Daniel Easley sold this land. Evidently Gilbert died without any children.
Thomas Elam and Mary Shirecliffe were the parents of Martin Elam born April 5, 1635; and Gilbert Elam, born May, 1630, as well as Robert Elam, born 1629, Thomas Elam Jr. born 1624, and Mary Elam, born 1628. They were all baptized in Thurnscoe Parish Church, Yorkshire. In 1679 Martin, and Gilbert as well as Robert and William Elam were residing in Henrico County. They were all considered gentleman and titled Mr.
The records indicate that Gilbert Elam held 867 acres within Bermuda Hundred in 1671, Robert Elam held 503 acres in 1652 and Martin Elam held 900 acres in 1686.
Martin was born in 1635 and was christened in April. His will which was filed 11/20/1695 notes: Son Martin Elam all land in Bermudy Hundred and privilege to get timber and fueling at Flinton’s, a silver tankard, a great chest that was my uncle’s etc. Son John Elam land at Flinton’s on both sides of the slash and 500 acres at Proctor’s joining Fowler’s line, and various items. All the rest of land at Proctor’s to be equally divided between my three daughters.
Daughter Mary, various silver and items.
Daughter Frances, silver cup on old Martin’s mark and 4 silver spoons, four of them on old Martin’s mark a great brass kettle that was my uncle’s, etc.
Daughter Martha a bed, etc.
Servants to be equally divided among wife and children when children marry or come of age. My two sons to have benefit of own labor at age 17. All the rest to loving wife and she to be sole executrix.
Witnesses: Martin Elam, John Worsham, Joseph Royal, Richard Ligon
Martin was married to Frances Perrin, daughter of Thomas Perrin and Elizabeth Chalfont in 1675 in Henrico County.
Children of Martin Elam:
Martin Elam, Jr.
John Edward Elam married Mary and was the father of John Jr., who married Martha Dudley or Martha Goode and then Martha Archer: Their children were: Edward, William, Joel, Samuel, John, Martin, Almond, and Alexander Elam. William went to Edgefield SC and married Judith: children were Solomon, Martin, John, James B.,
Frances Elam married John Wilkinson III of James City County. Their children were John, Anthony, Martin, Joseph, and William.
Gilbert Elam, Sr.
Gilbert Elam, Sr. was born May 1630 in England, and died June 1, 1696 in Henrico County, Virginia. He married his cousin Ann Elam, daughter of Robert Elam. Robert Elam came to Virginia in 1638. He was claimed for headrights by Christopher Branch.
Will of Gilbert Elam, Henrico dated 17 Feb. 1693/4
To grandson Henry Gee, all my land at Parkers, 120 acres.
To daughter Elizabeth, a feather bed and 370 acres on Falling Creek, to be divided between her and my grandson Gilbert Gee, plus other items to the two Gee grandsons above.
To son Thomas Elam, 300 acres on Falling Creek.
To son Gilbert Elam and two sons in law Edward Ward and Robert Broadway, each a shilling apiece. Son Thomas Elam to be sole executor.
Wit: Edward Oliver, John Worsham, Phebe Worsham. Recorded 1 June 1696
Children of Gilbert and Ann Elam:
Gilbert Elam, Jr. b. 1659, and d. December 5, 1697, Henrico Co.
Thomas Elam, b. 1661; m. Elizabeth Bevan, May 26, 1694
Mary Elam was born 1665. She married Henry Gee of Henrico County
Elizabeth Elam, b. 1670 married Edward Ward in Hernico
Rebecca Elam married Anthoy Patrum
Ann Elam married 1st Clements May 10, 1695; 2nd Robert Broadway; 3rd Simmon Young March 15, 1694/95
Gilbert Elam, Jr. was born 1659 in Henrico Co. Va., and died there in December 1697. He married Mary Hatcher, daughter of Edward Hatcher and Mary Ward, about 1677. They were Quakers. Her brother, John Hatcher married Mary Hancock, born in 1675, daughter of Robert Hancock, of Henrico County.
Will of Gilbert Elam Jr. Henrico County, Virginia
Dated 18 Sept. 1697 First portion of will missing:
To son Gilbert Elam part of plantation whereon I live, land marked and laid out by Robert Hancock and William Clark. To son William Elam land on North side of Falling Creek except 50 acres to son Robert Elam and 50 acres more to son Gilbert Elam.
To daughter Mary Elam largest gold ring and silver bodkin.
To daughter Martha Elam, items.
To daughter Sarah Elam, items.
To daughter Elizabeth Elam, items.
To daughter Obedience, 1 new pewter dish and 1 sow.
To son Robert Elam my large Bible when of lawful age.
To sons Gilbert and Robert to be of age 17.
To son William Elam a musket at my house.
To son Robert Elam to live with my father-in-law Edward Hatcher.
Gilbert Elam to tarry with his God Father William Hatcher until he is 17.
Wife Mary Elam to be executrix. Witnesses: Edward Ward Elam, William Hatcher, Charles Roberts. Will probated 5 December 1697.
Children of Gilbert Elam and Mary Hatcher:
Gilbert Elam b. after 1680 d. 1751 Chesterfield, Virginia married Elizabeth and lived in Chesterfield County. Their chidren were: Gilbert married Elizabeth Scott Ferguson; Mary; Ann; Lucy; James who married Sarah Elam ; Judith; Elizabeth; and Robert.
William Elam b. 1680
Mary Elam, b. 1682 married Stephen Hamlin in June 1696 in Henrico
Robert Elam, b. 1684, Henrico County, VA, d. 1753, Chesterfield Co., VA. He married Elizabeth Anne Bolling in 1708. Their children were: Gilbert, Richard, Lodowick, Mary Elizabeth, Obedience, Martha, Anne, Robert II, Martha, and William
Martha Elam b. 1686
Sarah Elam b. 1688
Elizabeth Elam b. 1690 married Burton
Obediance Elam b. before 1680, d. After 1697
The Coxe/Cox Family
William Coxe was granted 150 acres in 1624 in Elizabeth City County. He was one of the first to be identified as an Ancient Planter. He came to Virginia aboard the Godspeed and was counted as age 12 in 1610. Also on the Godspeed was Thomas West, Third Lord De La Warre. His brother, Robert West, married Elizabeth Coxe, daughter of Sir Henry Coxe of Broxburn, Hertfordshire.
In 1637 William Coxe was granted 150 acres in Henrico County. This land was 2 miles above Harrowattocks. He continued to purchase land and owned Coxendale on one side of the James River and Dutch Gap on the other side. In 1637 William Coxe, evidently returned to England as in 1637 William Cox, and his wife Elizabeth, were counted as headrights by Matthew Edloe. William’s wife was likely Elizabeth Hutchins. Her brother, Isaac Hutchins married Cisley who married as her second husband Henry Sherman. Their granddaughter, Elizabeth Sherman was first the wife of Henry Trent, then Henry Gee, Jr.
Alice Edloe, who was probably Alice Cox, was noted as William Coxe’s neighbor. She was the wife of Luke Boyse who arrived in 1619 on the Edwin. Alice Boyse and their daughter Hannah arrived on the Bona Nova in 1622. Luke Boyse died in 1625 and Alice married Mathew Edloe whose land lay near Stokes Creek and the land of Christopher Boyse in the area of Falling Creek. Hannah Boyse obtained 300 acres in 1635. John Brown and Edward Hatcher were her neighbors in 1663.
William was Burgess for Henrico County in 1646. After his death in 1656, Elizabeth Cox married William Elam, whose will in 1688 notes his son-in-law John Cox. His sons evidently were Thomas and John Cox as well as Mary Cox.
Thomas Cox inherited 250 acres which William Cox and Isaac Hutchins had purchased from Mathew Gough. He assigned this to John Knowles in 1668.
Mary Cox, their sister, married John Burton.
John Cox assigned to his brother-in-law, John Burton, the 700 acres Longfield Plantation purchased in 1665 from John Davis. He also patented 550 acres on the north side of Arrowhattocks which adjoined the land of Captain Edloe. John Cox gave a gift deeds of land to his sons William, and Bartholomew witnessed by Henry Cox. John Cox’s will was filed in 1696 in Henrico and names six sons, Henry, John, William, George, Bartholomew and Richard. Mary Coxe, widow, filed against five of these sons for her dower. John Cox’s first wife may have been a daughter of Robert Craddock. His second wife, Mary Kennon, was the mother of Richard Cox.
Children of John Cox and Ms. Craddock:
Henry Cox died in 1697 without children.
William Cox held 300 acres in the 1704 Quit Rent Rolls for Henrico County. He married Sarah and left a will in 1711
John Cox held 150 acres in the 1704 Quit Rent Rolls in Henrico County. He married Mary Baugh, daughter of William and Jane Baugh.
George Cox held 200 acres in Henrico County in 1704. He married Martha Stratton.
Children of John Cox and Mary Kennon:
Richard Cox held 300 acres in the Quit Rent Rolls of Henrico County. He married Mary Trent. His will was filed in 1735.