©2013, 2009 Kathryn Gearhart (No portion of this web site may be reproduced, in any form, including Internet, electronic or print, in whole or in part.)
The English Fenlands extend from Lincoln to Cambridge. The land was not drained until the 17th and 18th centuries. The landscape was islands with woods and heaths, surrounded by marshes, lakes and ‘meres’. The hot summers came with desease carrying mesquitoes, and frigid winters were plagued by harsh storms that brought flooding.
In 1348 the Black Death struck England. It devastated many villages. For example, Threekingsham, a busy prosperous market town in Lincolnshire of about 1,000, was reduced to less than 200. Generally it is felt that between one-half and one-third of the population died. This led to a shortage of labor and a rise in wages, with a corresponding migration of laborers to places of opportunity. The first city to be affected by the plague was Bristol. It then moved across southern England to London. In 1349 a ship carried the plague to the Humber where it spread north and south. By May it had reached York. After 500 days the plague gave way as winter arrived in 1349. The plague returned in 1361 killing about one-fifth of the population and in again in 1603 killing 38,000 in London alone. It took 150 years for the population to recover, as plague continued to strike in local and national outbreaks. The last was the great plague of 1665 under Charles II, which was followed by the Great Fire of London.
The increase in wages driven by the labor shortage prompted a law which attempted to halt the increases in wages. In 1349 Edward III issued his Ordinance of Labourers. It was an attempt to freeze wages and prices at levels before the great pestilence, and to prevent inflation in both. In 1381 under Richard II, the peasants rebelled with the result that by 1400 serfdom was replaced by the form of tenure known as the copyhold.
The Hundred Years War between England and France wafted and waned during the period 1337 through 1453. Under Edward III the codes of chivalry were formalized and the order of the garter begun probably on St. George’s Day in 1348.
The 1406 will of Richard Roos, who was originally from Beverly, Yorkshire, was filed in London, and includes Richard Gy among those receiving a gift of funds to buy a morning ring. Richard left to his brother, Thomas Roos, my Habyryon’ & my schort swerd & best baselard. His son was also Thomas Roos. John Hauberk was noted in 1416 as a man-at-arms under John Roos, Lord of Helmsley, serving under Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester in the expedition to France. John Roos so distinguished himself at Rouen that he received the Norman castle of Basqueville from Henry V. Roos was killed soon after near the castle of Beaufort. Ten years later, the lord of Basqueville was Thomas Beaumont, of Leicestershire. The Gees would marry into the family of John Hauberk in Leicestershire. The Soldier in Later Medieval England, an AHRC Research Project includes: William Geye a Yeoman/Valettus who served as an Archer under William Walgrave for Henry V in 1415 in the expedition to France.
With the end of the War of the Roses, and the reign of Henry VII the population began to recover with the consequence that during the reign of Henry VIII severe food shortages became a problem. The effect of the population increase was compounded by enclosure of previously common grazing land during the Dissolution of the Monastaries and Priories that occurred between 1535 and 1540. Under Edward VI priests in the Reformed Church of England were allowed to marry and Protestant reforms were expanded. All this underwent five years of reversals under Catholic Queen Mary, who ascended the throne in 1553. Finally, with Elizabeth some stability was achieved. Beginning in 1538, parishes were required to record births, marriages and deaths. Prior to that, there are only occasional records of individuals. Unfortunately, even after 1538, many of the early parish records were poorly maintained or preserved.
Tax Roll 1332/33 Edward II
Skidbrooke and Saltfleet
This tax roll is from the reign of Edward III in 1332/33. The first name is Robert Gee, and the last name is William Gee. This tax roll is for Skidbrooke, a village near Saltfleet, Lincolnshire, at the mouth of the Humber near Hull. Robert paid one shilling and three pence while William paid two shillings and sixpence. The church, St. Botolph, was built in the early 13th century and was also known as Skidbrooke-cum-Saltfleet. The name occurs variously in the records as Skydebrok Skytbrok Skydbrok, Skiterok, and Skdibrook. In 1305 King Edward I granted to Robert of Willoughby, a Thursday market and fair on the vigil and feast of Holy Trinity at his manor of Skidbrooke. Records of courts held at Skidbrooke, in the period of Edward III notes Lord of the Manor John de Willoughby. In 1347 John de Willoughby was lord of the manor of Saltfleet and Skidbrooke. A late deed in 1392 from John de la Warr and Philip le Despenser, knights, Mr. Eudo la Zouche and Mr. Thomas la Warre, clerks, Henry Malbys, parson of Willoughby, and others to Robert of Willoughby, knight, son of Lord John of Willoughby, knight lists several manors including Skidbrooke with Saltfleet Haven. In 1396 Elizabeth Neville married Thomas Willoughby, knight, of Boston and Frampton, Lincolnshire, Sheriff of Lincolnshire, Knight of the Shire, Alderman of Corpus Christi and St. George guilds in Boston. His mother was Margery, daughter of William la Zouche, Lord Zouche.
At the time of the Domesday Survey Survey Skidbrooke held 33 households. This was quite large for the period. It appears in 3 entries. In the first entry, the manor noted was held by Gayton le Wold. The lord and tenant in chief was King William in 1086. Residing there were 3 villagers and 24 freemen. The second entry notes the manor held by Covenham with 6 men. The Lord was the abbey of Le Mans, Saint-Calais with bishop Durham St. Cutbert. The third entry was for the manor of South Cadeby which was held by William Blunt who was lord and tenant in chief. It is in this entry that Salfleet is mentioned.
During the reign of Edward I (1239-1307) there are several mentions of Skidbrooke in the recods of the Iquisitions Post Mortum. Of interest is the notation of Cateby, wherein Matthew Nouell held ½ fee. In 1245 an Inquisition was held at Luthe, a Monday during the feast of St Peter ad Vincula. It states that Herbert de Saltfleteby gave to William his son by charter all his lands in Malberthor, Thethelthorp, and Trusthorp, …. Herbert gave William Leveroun by charter all his lands, etc. in Skydbrok and Saltfleteby and put him in seisin by his letters patent … when the said Herbert died and afterwards for three weeks …until the subescheator took the said lands into the kings hand because Herbert held the manor of Kernington of Hugh de neyle deceased.
There was a Carmelite convent in Stamford. Richard de Spalding was a Carmelite friar connected to the convent at the end of the 14th century. Stamford was a military, ecclesiastical and trading center where there were thrity religious foundations and academic halls. Whitefriars was the most important and it was near St. Katherine’s Guild. The Guild and Carmelites were connected. Stamford was also known for its cloth production. Stamford cloth was highly prized. In the records of the acts of the Guild of St. Katherine of the town of Stamford (Staunford) in the year 1515 is listed: Sir Hewe Gee. The entry is later given as Dominus Hewe Gee. Hewe may be a son of John Gee of Leicestershire and Elizabeth Hauberk.
Spalding and Tydd
Map showing Spalding, Tydd, Long Sutton
Spalding is on the Welland River, and was home to a substantial Benedictine monastery and castle which were given by William the Conqueror to Ivo Taillebois, his nephew, and the Earl of Angers. The original endowment had been made by Ralf earl of Chester. It was followed by gifts from Lucy, countess who appears to have been the wife of Ralf. She was considered the founder of Spalding.
In 1059 the Benedictine monks of Spalding had been given a small chapel of St. Mary, and Earl Algar gave them lands and rents to support the chapel. In 1071 Ivo Tailbois married the heiress of Spalding and began his residence there. He was hostile to the monks and caused them much difficulty, harassing their tenants and servants and damaging their stock. This eventually led to their abandonment of the Spalding priory and return to Crowland. For a short time only one monk remained at St. Mary to provide for the villagers there, but he drowned and was not replaced. Tailbois offered the manor of Spalding to the abbot of St. Nicholas, Angers and this was confirmed by William I. The following years were marked by litigation and conflict between the Benedictine Abbot of Crowland and the Prior of Spalding. In 1332 a resolution was reached and the two monasteries were joined in a spiritual brotherhood. The priory of Spalding grew to include the vills of Weston, Spalding, Moulton, and Pinchbeck, and control of shipwrecks along the coast for three leagues, free warrens, and fisheries. In 1294 their income was over ₤515. As time passed the monks desired a separation from the control of the abbot of St. Nicholas at Angers. Under Edward II, the prior was eventually able to separate completely from French control. By 1534, Spalding was one of the richest monasteries in Lincolnshire. There were nineteen monks and a prior and subprior residing there in 1535. During the 16th century, the records note the priors to have been: Robert, in 1504 and 1509; Robert Boston, in 1522; Thomas Spalding from 1515 to 1534; and Richard Elsyn or Palmer in 1540. The prior, Thomas of Spalding, signed the Act of Supremacy in 1534. The priory was visited by Cromwell’s royal commissioners, who reformed what was needed, and they were left in peace until 1540. Richard Elsyn alias Palmer was the prior pentioned in 1540, when the monastery was dissolved.
In 1610, William Camden wrote that Spalding was … enclosed round about with riverets and draines, a fairer towne, I assure you, than a man would looke to finde in this tract among such slabbes and water-plashes: where Ivo Talbois, whom Ingulph elsewhere calleth Earle of Anjou, gave an ancient Cell to the Monkes of Angiers in France.
Ayscoughfee Hall, 1791 Spalding
Richard Ailsyn (Aldwyn) built a great hall in Spalding. His son, Sir Nicholas Ailwyn, of the Mercer’s Company, became Lord Mayor of London in 1499. Henry VIII granted the land to Sir William Ayscough as a Knight’s Fee and the great hall which is virtually unchanged since its construction, became Ayscoughfee Hall.
SIR ROBERT GEE, Curate of Spalding
(Born circa 1470-80 – Died 1548)
Sir Robert Gee was curate at Spalding. He is listed in the subsidy collected in the diocese of Lincoln in 1523. The record reads:
Dominus Robertus Gee, cur. ibm. Iijl q.t. vx. Iiijd.
Dominus Johannes Fawdes, stip.
Dominus Ricardus Bell, capellanus stip.
Dominus Leonardus Sweyt, stip.
Dominus Ricardus Lawly, stip.
Dominus Thomas Grene, stip.
St. Mary, Tydd
Sir Robert Gee is likely the son of Thomas Gee of Bythorp. Sir Robert Gee witnessed the will of John Braddow of Spaldyng in October, 1527; then in March, 1528 the will of Thomas Knope of Spaldyng. On January 31, 1530 Alice Wolriche of Spaldying made her will. She requested burial at Our Lady and St. Nicholes in Spaldyng. She left gifts to the church and then left the residue to Nicholes Wolrycher, her brother and executor. The witnesses were Sir Robert Gee; William Lunglaye; Robert Scotte; with others. In August, 1530 he witnessed the will of Jamys Dalton of Spaldyng and in September the will of Edmund Hobson, mercer. The will of Simon Bolton of Spaldyng was written in 1531-32 and Sir Robert Gee witnessed it. Robert Gee, curate was noted in Sussex, at Little Hampton in 1543, likely indicating he removed from Spalding soon after 1532. The burial of Robert Gee was noted at St. Mary, Tydd on December 10, 1548. Tydd is nine miles east of Spaldyng.
Ales Gee married Hughe Sharpe May, 1586
Cicely Gee married Raphe Rose Sep. 1640
John Gee, laborer, married Elizabeh Hutchins of Spalding June, 1655
John Gee father of Mary Gee, 1665; Sarah Gee, 1669
Thomas Gee and Elizabeth a daughter Elizabeth Gee, 1681
MOULTON NEAR SPALDING
Jacob Gee, milner married Helena Spenithorne June, 1622
John Gee (Jea) married Margret Reignold Oct. 1616
John Gee married Margerie Ireland, Apr. 1638
John Gee married Jane Callow Oct. 1640
John Gee married Mary Deen Apr. 1647
John Gee married Elizabeth Tye Feb 1657
SUTTON SAINT NICHOLAS
John Gee father of Robert Gee, 1694
Sempringham and Birthorpe
Map showing Priory (Sempringham), Folkingham, Bourn, Grantham,
Sleaford, Quadring, Heckington and Spalding
The Kesteven Region of Lincolnshire where the Gee family is found in the 16th century was the ancient Wapentake of Aveland, noted in the Domesday Book as Uuesbi and Ulvesbi, later Useby or Ouseby. The Wapentake included the parishes of Bourn, Dunsby, Horbling, Osbournby, Pickworth, Pointon, Sympringham, Threekingham and others. The ancient priory lands included Byrthorpe, of the parish of Stow, by Threkingham, and later in Sympringham.
An ancient village in the Wapentake of Aveland was north and east of Birthorpe along the bank of the Ouse Mer Lode stream. Gilbert of Sempringham founded the Gilbertine Order here in 1131. The ancient parish church, St. Andrew, was built in 1100. The priory included a nunnery where the daughter of Llewellyn, last true Prince of Wales was held for most of her life. The Gilbertines, through benefactors came into possession of the township of Sempringham, with the parish church, the chapel of Pointon, the granges of Kirkby, Marham, Cranwell, Fulbeck, Thrope, Bramcote, Walcote, and Thurstanton, the hermitage of Hoyland, a mill in Birthorpe, and a half knight’s fee in Locton, the mills of Folkingham, and the churches of Billingbourough, Stowe with the chapel of Birthorpe, Hanington, Aslackby, Buxton, Brunesthorp, Kirkby, Bradstow, and moieties of Trwoell and Laughton. The priory continued to acquire acreage, including Horbling and Osbournby. They raised wool, gathered in wool from laymen who leased their pasturage, and made cloth, acting as factors in the wool trade. The canons were sent to Cambridge to be educated.
Six granges were farmed by bailiffs for the monastery and the remainder was leased by 1535. In 1538, the Clinton family came into possession of the priory obtaining from Henry VIII a …lease by the Court of Augmentations to Ed[ward] lord Clynton, of the rectories of Sempryngham with the chapel Poynton, of Stowe with the chapel of Byrthorpe, of Belyngborough and Walcott, Line, which belonged to the late priory of Sempringham, for 21 years.
Sir Edward Clinton circa 1535-36
Sir Edward Fiennes 9th Baron Clinton married about 1535 Elizabeth Blount, mother of Henry FitzRoy, the only illegitimate son acknowledged by Henry VIII. Their lands adjoined each other in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth had previously married Gilbert Tailboys, 1st Baron Tailboys of Kyme, and they had three children. Clinton tore down the Priory at Birthorpe and built a new residence there which most certainly resulted in work for most of those living there or near there. After taking part in the capture of Edinburgh, Clinton was knighted by Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford. Clinton continued to participate in military actions including the Battle of Pinkie in Scotland in September, 1547. He became Earl of Lincoln in 1572. In the 5th year of Edward VI, Edward, Lord Clinton was granted a messuage, called Delahays, in Orpington, Kent by the king. Clinton died in London in 1585. His son, Sir Henry Clinton, was knighted in 1553 and died in Sempringham in 1616. His daughter, Margaret, married Sir Charles, 2nd Baron Willoughby of Parham.
St. Andrews Church of Sempringham Priory
Thomas Gee, of Byrthorp
(Born circa 1460-70 – Died 1530)
Birthorpe is a small hamlet outside Billingborough. It was the location of the Abbey associated with the Gilbertine Order of Sempringham. Birthorpe came under the governance of the Clintons after the dissolution of the Priory in 1538. A notation in the early 17th century regarding Birthorpe Wood notes Ann Clinton.
Thomas Gee was likely a son of John Gee and Elizabeth Hauberk, of Leicestershire and his wife was probably Anne Sygrave from Leicestershire. Thomas Gee, of Byrthorp witnessed in 1525 the will of Thomas Sygrave (Segrave) of Stawgrene next to Threkingham with Thomas Lambart, vicar of Threkyngham, Thomas Barne, and Thomas Nix of Stowe. The will of Thomas Gee, in 1530, listed Anney, his wife, and children Thomas, Ann and Elizabeth as well as Sir Robert Gee who received 6 shillings 8 pence. Robert is likely a son. He also mentions Anne Gee, evidently not his daughter or wife, and Helen Sygrave. There is no land bequeathed in his will. It is likely that Thomas was connected to the mill that the priory held at Birthorpe. Ann Gee’s will was filed at Panton in 1534.
Will of Thomas Gee, 1530
30 November, 1530. I Thomas Gee of Byrthorp make my testament and last will. My body to be buryed in the churche porche of St. Androy of Sempyngham. I will my goodes be devydyd in thre partes, and my parte to be takyn forth of the hole, and the other ij partes to Anney my wyff. To Thomas my sonne and Anne my doughter and Elizabeth my doughter xl. To mr prior (the Prior) of Sempyngham xxs. To the parish churche of Sempyngham to by them a crosse clothe xs., and vjs. viijd. To by a stone to lay uppon my grave. To Aslakby parish churche vjs. viijd. To by a crosse clothe. To mr Humfrey Walcotte xs. To Thomas Aloughton, baly of Aslakby, vjs. viijd. To the reparacions of the churche of Byrthrop vs. to sir Robert Gee vjs. viijd. I will at the day of my buryall the jijth day and xxxty day xl. To be delte for me. To our Lady of Lincoln sijd. To every prest in Sempyngham iijd. To every novesse ijd. To the priorisse vjd. To ever none iijd. To every syster ijd. To Anne Gee. To Helen Sygrave. To the children of St. Catheryns of Lincoln iiijd. I make Ann my wyff executrix, and mr prior of Sempyngham my supervisor.
Wytnes mr prior of Sempyngham; the prior of St. Savyers; Adam Sygrave of Stowe; John Coumerworthe of Sempyngham; with many others. Prover before P., at Burne, 3 Maryc, 1530-1, by the executrix.
St. Andrew, Pickworth
Thomas Gee of Pickworth
Thomas Gee of Pickworth was most certainly the son noted in the will of Thomas of Birthorpe. Pickworth is a village that lies three miles west of Folkingham and nine miles from Bourne and nine miles from Grantham. A manor was built at Folkingham for Lord Clinton in the 17th century. Pickworth belonged to Sir John Hussey, who was convicted of treason and executed in 1537. The manor passed to the crown and in 1541 Lawrence Lee, one of Queen Katherine’s footmen, was made keeper of the seven woods in Rutland, including Pickworth wood. A few years later, Richard Greneway was given a lease on closes and a warren in Pickworth Infield, and the pastures of Pickworth Outhfield, which was then held by Robert Harington. The manor of Pickworth Stocking was granted to John Harington in 1539, and continued in the family until 1616. In 1523 George Boteler and Harington Boteler purchased the manor.
Thomas is first was noted as the father of a son, Thomas Gee. This son died a few days later on Nov. 19, 1544. Another son, Thomas was born in 1546, then Richard Gee in 1548, who died at the age of 13. Thomas married Ann Cole August 15, 1560 at Aslackby which is about 2 miles south of Folkingham. Evidently Ann died within the year as Thomas Gee married Ann Cooke at Sempringham, on August 10, 1561. The will of Thomas Gee, Pickworth was filed in 1577.
The inventory of his estate included wheat, rye, barley, peas, a yoke of oxen, feathered bed with bolster and pillows, cupboard, two chairs and tables, and chests.
THOMAS GEE, born in 1546 also lived in Pickworth. He is noted as the father of William Gee in 1571 and Thomas Gee in 1574. These births were also recorded in Sempringham. He is likely the father of Anthony Gee who married at Heckington in 1603. The records of St. Michael, in Swaton, note the marriage of William Gee, in April, 1687.
In 1587 Thomas Gee and Anna his wife, late wife of William Middleston, in a Court of Chancery, regarding Newton, Swaton, messuages, lands, and tenements. Thomas’ will was filed in 1591 at Swaton which is 4 miles south of Heckington. The inventory of the estate of Thomas Gee, Yeoman of Swaton, was filed in 1594-95. It included four oxen in the yard, burlinge calves and slake calves, 4 horse and mares, piggs, and a large number of household items. He was clearly a prosperous farmer.
WILLIAM GEE, also from Pickworth, was evidently a brother. He was the father of William Gee in 1572. The following year, the will of William Gee of Pickworth was filed. His estate settlement includes a payment to Thomas Gee, the younger, in 1575. The inventory included two young swyne, five peepe, wood in the yard, one acre of wheate corne and one acre of peas in the field, two beehives, a pare of sheets with other napererye (?) wayed three mattresses with bedcoverings a rynge of sylver and a sweard, three chests and three coffers two pair of bedsteads, one cupboard with pewter and brass there upon,
William, the son, remained in Pickworth where he was noted as the father of Thomas Gee, in 1605 and William Gee, in 1608. These births were also recorded in Sempringham with the notation that William died in 1612. He may also be the father of Philip Gee who was born in 1603 in Sempringham.
The inventory for the estate of William Gee of Sempringham and Pointon was filed in 1613. It seems clear that this is the same William of Pickworth. His inventory included mares, foales, stagge(?), cow, bulling (?), and calves, hogges, sheep, cask and caske gear, plow and plow gear, and wood in the yard. In the hall was one framed table, buffitt form and cupboard, one+ ambry.. 4 bad chairs, 3 bedsteads, 4 olde stooles an old dishboard, with other implements, pewter and brass in the parlor, one trusse bed, one feather bed, coverings ad coverleades, mattress and stand boulster with covsayn pillows, chest and linen sheets, chest and table cloth, pillow weave, table napkins, a pair of hemp …sheetes, pair of garden sheets, 2 pair of linnen clothe, and one pair of woolen clothe. In the chamber there was stande bed, the cheese and cheese rackes with other implements; webbes of raw cloth, the milk house and all the milk vessels, tubs and other implements.
JOHN GEE was most certainly another son of Thomas. At Billingborough which lies about 5 miles east of Pickworth John Gee was noted for the birth of Margerie Gee in 1574 and John Gee in 1584. John Gee married Margaret Artee Woode Sep. 16, 1585 at Quadring.
Johan Gee married John Cooke Oct. 20, 1586
1655 marriage of Thomas Gee to Elizabeth Taylor
Thomas Gee and Elizabeth a daughter Elizabeth Gee, 1664
John Gee, Sempringham
JOHN GEE married at Dunsby near Bourne to Emma Whitehead on October 2, 1552. The will of John Gee of Sempringham was filed in 1562. The inventory of John Gee states he was of Poynton. This John appears to have been the father of Thomas Gee who removed to Osbournby, John Gee who removed to Horbling, and James Gee of Ropsley.
THOMAS GEE was recorded in Osbornby for the birth of a son John in 1588. The death of Thomas Gee was noted in Ropsley on August 19, 1590. At Bourne, John Gee, who appears to be the son of Thomas, was noted for the birth of several children: Katherine in 1614, died the following year. Richard Gee was born in 1616 then John Gee was born and died in 1620. John was then the father of Elizabeth Gee in 1621 and Ales Gee in 1626. It is likely he was also the father of John Gee who died at the age of two in 1634.
RICHARD GEE, who appears to be another son of Thomas, married Ales Harrison Jan 21, 1602 at Threckingham Cum Stow Green. Richard Gee was noted for the births of: Anne Gee, in 1604, John Gee, in 1606, and Thomas Gee, in 1608.
JOHN GEE was recorded in Horbling as the father of Alyce in 1562, and William in 1565 who died at the age of eleven. John was buried at Horbling in 1582. He evidently was also the father of an elder son Thomas who was recorded for a son Thomas in 1588 and a daughter Susan in 1595. Later, in 1626, the will of Thomas Gee, laborer was filed followed by the will of Thomas Gee, tailor, in 1632, both from Horbling.
The inventory of John Gee, laborer of Hobling, was filed in 1581-83. It included an old table and chairs in the hallway, pewter, salt, brass pot, chafingdish, candlesticks, pot hook, tongs, linens and other trifles, and a small gallon bottell of lether (?). In the parlor there was a leather chest, bedstads, mattress, candles and boulster, pillows, linen sheets, havden(?) sheets, borde clothe, table napkins, painted chest whatsoever trifles, sythe and blades. In the mill house there was counted churn, tubs, earthern pot, hatchet, spade, pitchforke, clothe at the weavers, hemp growing in the yarde, wood in the yarde, and other items.
JAMES GEE resided in Ropsley where he married Alice Wilson, April 5, 1578 and then Ellyn Reynold January 17, 1579. James, though not identified was likely the father of Alice Gee, born in 1582. He is noted as the father of Elizabeth Gee in 1585.
Ann Gee married Thomas Brackleby on September 15, 1577
Ales Gee married Thomas Snell Apr. 1616
Anne Gee married William Bradley Nov. 1629
Thomas Gee and Elizabeth a daughter Elizabeth Gee, 1646
Ellyn Gee married Peter Gadesby Nov. 27, 1591
Elizabeth Gee, Martyr of Bourne
In the Parish Register at Bourne it is noted that …Elizabeth Gee shott by the souldgiers was buried on December 14, 1644. Cromwell and his army were in Sleaford earlier in December and by January 7th they were in Bedford. Bourne was on the road between. Perhaps Elizabeth was attempting to stop the Parliamentarial troops from defacing the church. As they traversed the countryside, the Parliamentary Army stripped the churches of all symbols of Popery, smashing the ancient and beautiful stained glass windows, defacing or removing statues, and plundering the plate and ornamentation.
Jane Gee married John Pell in May, 1571
Jane Gee married John Pell May, 1571
Margerie Gee married Edward Elkinges Nov. 1605
Johan Gee married John Odel Nov. 1620
1581 will of Thomas Gee, Gretford south of Bourn
1588 will of William Gee, Ravenston
Baston, south of bourne
There is a very interesting entry at Bason, Lindol of the birth and christening of two Jee sons. Rychard Jee was recorded as born March 20, 1563 and Willym Jee was born 5 days later.
Gee Family of Poynton
Poynton (Pointon) is on the outskirts of Bourne. There are a few earlier records for Poynton. The first noted there is William Gee who was a deceased tenant of Thomas Holand. Evidently William was the father of William Gee a tenent of William Strode and later Thomas Welby and Henry Dale. It would appear the William was the father of John Gee and Thomas Gee of Poynton.
In 1504-1515, Thomas Holand, of Swineshead sued John Walles and Johanne, his wife, executrix of William Gee regarding a deed to a messuage and land in Poynton, Lincoln. In 1548 Thomas Welby and Henry Dale were enfeoffed in the will of William Strode, of a messuage, close and 66 acreds of land and meadow in Poynton, in the tenure of William Gee. Other land listed in the will was in Picworth and Grantham.
In 1575 the inventory for the estate of Thomas Gee, late of Poynton, husbandman, was filed, The inventory includes four mares and horse, oxen, yearling calves, boards and wood in the yard, plow and plowyers cart, crops in the barrels, leads with tubbes and payles, one counter with low tables and formes and … thereunto belonging, tow (sic) cupboardes, tow (sic) chairs, tow paire of bedstedes…tow fether beedes, tto mattrisses, tow (sic) coveringes tow coverleades (?) with pelowes boulsters and pan..ed clothes…table mayking and table clothes and all other lynings (linens), and more. Clearly, he was a man of substance.
Much later, in 1622, the will of Elizabeth Gee of Pointon was filed. Then, in 1625, the will of John Gee, bachelor, of Pointon was filed.
Thomas Gee of Bottesford
Thomas Gee of Poynton, Lincoln married Elizabeth Fairebarne of Bottesford at St. Mary’s, in Bottesford, Leicestershire in 1641. Thomas and Elizabeth resided in Bottesford, Leicestershire for several years. The records of Bottesford, Leicestershire records that Thomas Gee and Elizabeth were the parents of: Thomas Gee in 1643, Elenor Gee in 1645, Mary Gee in 1660, and Eliner Gee in 1651. In 1680, Mary Gee, at Bottesford, married William Woodford of Muston.
Bottesford is located in the northeast corner of the county about 20 miles from Nottinghamshire and about 16 miles from Melton Mowbray. It is just over the border with Lincolnshire, very near Grantham, on the river Devon and a ford lies at the center of the town. St. Mary’s, the medieval church, includes the burials of eight Dukes of Rutland, including John Manners who held Ayelstone in Leicestershire. The de Roos Family has three memorials there. It lies in the estate of Belvoir Castle, as does Scaldford, the home of the Hauberks. (see Appendix ii.) Belvoir Castle is a little over 4 miles from the church.
Elly/Ellis Manor and Church, Great Paunton
Grantham and Great Ponton
Grantham lies west of Folkingham and Sempringham and south of Lincoln. Long Bennington is about eight miles north, northwest of Grantham. About 2 miles outside Grantham is Hough on the Hill. Great Ponton is due south and very near Grantham. It is here, at Great Ponton, that the Ellis family built their manor home.
An inquisition on the death of Thomas Ellis who died at Great Paunton, in 1543 states he held the Manor of Pinchbeck, alias Bonds, alias Ellis manor and 86 acres of land and 2 meesuage in Great Paunton, and £7.6.8. rent of the manor of Lord Delaware in Bloxham. Thomas Ellis was the son of William Ellis of Swineshead, Kirton Hundred, Lincolnshire and Agnes Marshall from Nottinghamshire. Their arms are given as Gules, on a fess argent three escallops azure between three crescents or. With a Crest given as on a wreath argent and az. A garb vert bezantee. These arms were those of the Kiddal, Yorkshire branch of the Ellys/Ellis family and another family which contributed the escallops. On a shield on the doorway of the church of Kingston-on-Soar, Nottinghamshire, built by Sir Anthony Babington, who died in 1544, are the Ellis arms, argent on a fess between three crescents or three escallops gules. The scallops appear to be from the Babingtons as on the door arch is found a fess between three crescents three escallops. Sir Anthony Babington was the grandson of Elizabeth Marshall, of Upton, Leicestershire.
Thomas Ellys and his son Anthony gave a deed to the said lands to Henry Statham and Robert Sandes, retaining the use to Thomas and Agnes, his wife for life, and of Anthony and his heirs. It provided that iff they should default then the life estate went to Joanna Coney wife of Richard Coney and Mary, wife of Humphrey Walcot, Esquire, the daughter of Thomas Ellis. John Ellis, the elder son of Thomas died without heirs, leaving his brother Anthony as heir. Agnes was Agnes Marshall. Anthony Ellys, brother of Thomas and uncle of Anthony, the heir, was the builder of Great Paunton church. The elder Anthony was admitted as a member of the Guild of Corpus Christi at Boston, in 1516 and as a Master of the Fraternity in 1526. The impaled arms of Ellis and Blunt, which Thomas and Anthony, Sr. used, were those of their father and his familial connection to the sister and heir of Robert Blunt, son and heir of Thomas Blunt.
The manor house of Great Ponton is about 3 miles from Grantham and near to the church. Both Thomas and Anthony are buried there. Anthony, the younger, built the manor house in the style of the Flemish with whom he engaged in commerce as a merchant of the Staple of Calais. He married a daughter of either Thomas or George Sherrard, of Stapleford. Their children were Anthony Ellis and Thomas Ellis. (See Appendix ii.)
Augustine Gee of Grantham
In 1595, Augustine Gee was the father of Anne, in Grantham. There are no further records, and it must be assumed the family suffered some form of devastation, but Peregrine Gee, who seems to be a descendent, along with Lawrence, soon appears in the records of Great Ponton and Long Bennington.
Peregrine Gee married Margarett Green in January, 1614 and was noted as the father of several children: Annis Gee in 1618, who died at the age of 2; Peregreene Gee in 1621, Bridget Bee in 1624; Margery Gee in 1627, who also died at the age of 2; and Augustine Gee in 1631.
Meanwhile, in Long Bennington, the marriage of Lawrence Gee to Anne Noble was recorded January 29, 1625. Lawrence was recorded as the father of Richard Gee in 1630 and Robert Gee in 1635. Both boys died within a year of their birth.
Interestingly there is another Lawrence, who is recorded for the birth of Anthony Gee in 1630. The Gee family continues at Long Bennington for the remainder of the century.
John Gee and Marie: Frances Gee, 1642
Isabel Gee married Thomas Taylor Dec. 1647
Thomas Gee married Sisley Elope Nov. 26, 1660
John Gee married Elizabeth Hoyse May, 1664
Robert Gee and Margaret: Sara Gee, 1665
Thomas Gee and Cisiley: Alexander Gee, 1667
Elizabeth Gee married John Clark Oct. 1682
HOUGH ON THE HILL
Robert Gee and Dorothy a son Charles Gee 2/5/1687
Map showing Gainsborough, and Messingham
Anthony Gee of Messingham
Gainsborough lies in northern Lincolnshire, removed from the Kesteven where the other families resided. It is about 20 miles north of the Trent at the Humber River and is connected by canals to the Trent. Messingham is north of Gainsborough, along the border with Nottinghamshire. The first church was built by the Knights Templar in 1209. In 1540 a chapel was built of stone. This was torn down, except for the Tower, which was built in the 14th century. The new church was constructed in the mid 18th century and was modeled after St. Martin’s in the Field, London. Gainsborough was a port for shipping on barges to the sea port and offloading onto ships of the sea. In 1599 the manor of Gainsborough was give to Lord Burgh who sold the manor to William Hickman of London.
Anthony was recorded there for the birth of Robert Gee in 1599 and Alis Gee in 1603. This family appears to include brothers Robert and Thomas Gee. The will of Anthony Gee, butcher was filed in 1607.
Robert and Thomas Gee of Gainsborough
Robert Gee, born in 1599 in Messingham, appears to have removed to Gainsborough where he was noted for the birth of a daughter, Elizabeth, in 1633. Also in Gainsborough was Thomas Gee, who likely was a brother. He was noted for Elizabeth Gee in 1625; Thomas Gee in 1631 (d.1631) and William Gee in 1634 (1634).
Epworth 10 miles north of Gainsborough
1709/10 January 5, James Gee born to James Gee
Map showing Lincoln and Thorpe on the Hill
Alexander Gee, Clerk
Alexander Gee was born about 1565-6 assuming he was 16 or 17 when he entered Pembroke, Cambridge, where he matriculated in 1581. Alexander was ordained deacon at Lincoln in 1583, priest in April, 1585, and Rector of Thorpe on the Hill, Lincolnshire in 1594. Thorpe on the Hill is six miles south of Lincoln. Nearby is Aubourn. The register at Thorpe on the Hill records that Alexander was the father of Simeon Gee in 1597, Thomas Gee in 1599, Margaret Gee in 1601, and Jonathan Gee in 1603. The birth of Mary Gee was noted in 1595, no parentage given. He was also likely the father of Alexander Gee who married Agnes. They were the parents of Alexander Gee in 1633 and Susanna Gee in 1639. The record also notes two marriages. Another son would seem to be William Gee of Aubourn. It is also likely that it was Alexander who was the father of Elizabeth Gee in 1587, John Gee in 1589 and Jane Gee in 1590 noted in Aubourn. In 1623 William Gibson brought a suit regarding property in Thorpe on the Hill against Alexander Gee and Alexander Gee.
Mary Gee married Thomas Kidson May, 1615
Mary Gee married Leonard Cotton June 1679
The marriage of Thomas Gee to Isabell Barnard was recorded Januaey 13, 1640 in Lincoln. Thomas Gee was 24 and Isabell Gee was 23. It is not clear that this Thomas was a descendent of Alexander Gee. In Prerogative Court of Canterbury is the 1613 will of Alexander Gee, sailor on the Hector.
Aubourn is about 7 miles south of Lincoln and near Thorpe on the Hill. In 1587 Sir John Meres began building Aubourn Hall, which was completed in 1628. It became the home of the Nevile family. St. Peter is east of the Hall. It was built about 1200 on an older church recorded in the Doomesday Book in 1086. Originally a large building, most of it was torn down in 1862. William Gee married Alice White July, 1597/8 at Aubourn. The registry notes the births, without parentatge, of: Elizabeth Gee, 1587; John Gee, 1589; Jane Gee, 1590.
Map showing Boston, Heckington, and Quadring
Heckington lies outside of Sleaford. Anthonie Gee married Alice Prigin there in January, 1603. It may be that this is the same Anthonie Gee of Messingham. Later, Mary Gee married Thomas Stiles, from Swineshead in Heckington in January, 1626.
It would seem that some in this family removed to the area around Boston. At Bilsby, near Alport north of the wash and Boston, Alexander Gee married Mary Dunham in October, 1699.
1563 will of William Gee, Wyberton outside of Boston
The inventory of William Gee from Wyberton was filed in 1562-63. It was quite extensive and included his apparel and money in his purse, silver plate and forkes, spoons, a silver ring and gold rings. The home included a hall, parlor, middle parlor, an upper parlor, a middle chamber, and three additional chambers. Clearly, William of Wyberton was prosperous and occupied a large manor house.
William Gee married Alice Blessed Oct. 1587
Thomas Gee married Cycyley Ackerley Jun 30, 1597
James Gee married Margrett Thornton Aug. 28, 1635
St. Gilbert of Sempringham Chapel at Brothertoft
Gee Family of Boston and London
HENRY GEE was born about 17F60 and married Martha Fitzwilliam Brotherton in 1784 at Boston. He died in 1845 and she died in 1836. She was buried at St. Botophs in Boston. They had five known children. Henry Gee, born in 1785, Martha who died unmarried in 1874, Thomas Gee, born in 1788, married Ann Leman in 1822 at Brampton, Suffolk, daughter of Thomas Leman of Brampton Hall, Mary Gee, who also died unmarried, and George Gee. William and Mary Gee were parents of William Gee at Freshford, Somerset in 1836. He evidently is the William who was named in the will of Thomas Gee, as William Gee, the younger, of Boston. This family is traced in the volume Gee of Freshford and London by Henry Gee, DD. The abstract states that the family descended from Thomas Gee noted in the early half of the 16th century of Lincolnshire. Descendents are stated to have resided in Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire and Somerset counties as well as in London. Their arms are given by Fox-Davies in Armorial Families: a Directory of Gentlemen of Coat-armour. The Fleur de Lis indicates descent through a sixth son. J’y suis means I am and evidently is a play on the surname Gee.
In 1814, THOMAS GEE, esquire, was one of the principal land owners in Brothercroft, about 5 miles north of Boston. He built a Georgian Mansion, Brothertoft House, and held the farm which at one time contained fifty two houses before the enclosure of Holland fen in 1768. Thomas Gee was patron of St. Gilbert of Sempringham chapel which was close by. He also built a school nearby. With his sisters Martha and Mary they set up an educational charity which is still operating. Thomas Gee was a banker and a farmer. He was also a partner with Clarke in a brewery and was the principal landowner in Fishtoft.