©2009 Kathryn Gearhart
Sir Henry Nevill was a member of the ill fated first Virginia Company in 1607. Later it appears his son Henry attempted to secure his father’s investment by joining the second Virginia Company in 1611. In Elizabeth City County is the tombstone of John Nevill, Esquire, Vice Admiral of His Majesties Fleet and Commander who died in 1697 at age fifty-three years aboard the Cambridge off the shores of Virginia. The Vice Admiral evidently succumbed to yellow fever. The tombstone reads… Here lyes the body of John Nevill, Esq.’r, Vice Admiral of his Majesties Fleet and Commander in chief of ye squadron cruising in the West Indies. Who died on board ye Cambridge the 17th day of August 1697 in ye Ninth Yeare of the Reigne of King William the third age 53 years.
The will of John Nevill dated 1697 was probated in November, 1697. It states in part that he was bound on a voyage to the Straits. It leaves to his wife and two daughters his whole estate: on third to his wife Mary Nevill, on third to his daughter Mary Nevill, and one third to his daughter Elizabeth Nevill. It also gives ₤50 to his sisters Elizabeth Nevill and Martha Carpender. The will was made in November 1696 and witnessed by John Sabbartory, Stephen Thexer and Hannah Finnch. In the probate it is noted that he was late of the parish of St. Margaret, Westminster, County of Middlesex and buried at St. Johns Church, Hampton, Virginia.
Captain Edward Nevill wrote to the Secretary to the Admiralty, from the H.M.S. Lincolne, Towne Harbour, Bermudas in May, 1701 that he was sailing from Spithead and lost his ship’s masts, but was hoping to replace them when he reached Virginia. In June he wrote that he had arrived at Lynnhaven Bay, Virginia and that he had delivered commissions and letters to the Governor of Virginia for both the Governor and the Governor of Maryland. Later, in the records of London is this interesting deposition regarding the death of a Captain Nevill of the Lincoln and his burial in Virginia.
Deposition of Capt James Moodie; Great Britain. Public Record Office, London, Colonial Office: Capt James Moodie late commander of her Majesty’s ship Southampton, etc. “This depo’t further saith that he did arrive in Virginia with his maj’ts said ship the 13th day of Sep 1701 or thereabouts… this depo’t further saith that he arriv’d at Williamsburg the 14th of Sep at night… The next morning the Govern’r desired this depo’t to go to York with him to Capt Nevill (of the Lincoln) buriall, who had been dead 3 or 4 days, and accordingly this depo’t w’th the Govern’r went to the foresaid place and at our arrivall at York, there was a great concourse of people, and a great many militia, both horse and foot. The corps[e] being in the ground before but not covered, there was a sermon preached by the Chaplaine of the said ship Lincolne…
As a note of clarity, the Nevill name is spelled variously Nevill, Nevil, Neville, Neavel, and Nevel by record keepers of the period. However, Nevill was the most common spelling. Because of this, I have used the Nevill spelling throughout. Spelling variations often occurred within the same document or in various documents for the same individual. Many early family histories assumed that all Nevills in Virginia descended from John Nevill of Maryland. Recent research shows that this was not correct. Older genealogies are filled with assumptions and errors which have resulted in incorrect family alliances. Amazingly, individuals named Newell, or Nevill who resided in Pennsylvania were noted as Maryland or Virginia Nevills. The Colonial Dames, an organization of descendants of colonial pioneers has issued this statement regarding membership based on Nevill ancestry. John Nevill of Charles County, Maryland did not have a son James; the Eastern Shore Branch is descended from a Richard Nevill; the Isle of Wight County Family has no connection to the Fauquier County family. Based on this, and confirming research, I will describe all of these branches, because there is still no definitive evidence to show which family gave us Bridget Nevill. Fletcher stated she descended from the John Nevill of Maryland, but there is no record he had a daughter Bridget, and his wife, Bridget Thorsley, died much too soon to be her mother. Others have claimed she was related to the family in Fauquier County, mostly based on the unfounded residence of a James Nevill in Isle of Wight. My preference is the Isle of Wight family based on two circumstances. First, Isle of Wight is adjacent to Surry and Sussex and is also near the border with North Carolina and the early Gee farm identified on Mosley’s map. Second, Benjamin Nevill of this family, named his children with many of the same names used by Bridget Gee, including Jesse, Benjamin, and Penelope, which were not common names. Hopefully, one day the definitive proof will become available. Keep in mind that by 1704 there were only four Nevill groups in Virginia:
John Nevill, Kingstone Parish, Gloucester County;
Benjamin Nevill, Nansemond County; originally from Isle of Wight County
John Nevill, Isle of Wight County;
Roger Nevill, Isle of Wight County.
Notorious John Nevill, b. 1618 d. 1664
Charles County, Maryland
John Nevill, was transported to Maryland in 1633, and became acknowledged as a freeman in 1641. John first resided at The Clefts on the west side of the Patuxent River in that portion of St. Mary’s County, which became Calvert. John Nevill was a mariner, as indicated in Court on February 12, 1637/38. In another court action in 1658 he gave his age as 40 years, or thereabouts, which would place his birth in 1618, more or less. In court in 1644, he testified he had contracted for a voyage in 1642 to the Elizabeth River. Although he owned plantations in Maryland, he appears to have spent time at sea, carrying passengers or cargo back and forth across the Atlantic. Richard Bennet, who became Royal Governor of Virginia, rented one of the plantations which Nevill owned with a partner. John transported his wife, Bridget Thorsley (also given as Thorsbey, and Throsley) an English woman in 1639. They were married in about 1638 in England. John attested to their marriage in an affidavit in November, 1659.
In December, 1640 Richard Garnett billed John Nevill …150 lb. Tobacco for 1 barrel of corn for a month’s diet of his wife at and fore her lying in. This was evidently the birth of their first child. John probably was at sea during this time. In 1641-42 John Nevill signed the Maryland Territory Petition. In January 1643 seaman …demandeth of Ellis Beach 550 lb. tobacco, for wages for 7 weeks, wherein he was out upon a voyage hired by the said Ellis; and 86 lb. tobacco more due last yeare for the washing of the linen of the said Ellis by the plaintiffs wife. Bridget died about 1643-44. This fact makes it impossible for her to be the mother of Bridget Nevill who married Charles Gee.
In 1646, John sailed to England where he married again. In 1649 John requested 400 acres of land for transporting himself and his wife in 1646. That same year he registered his cattle mark as being …the right eare slitt and the left under-keeled. In 1652 John applied for 400 acres which had been assigned to George Askwith and 100 acres …for the transportation of Joan Porter now my wife in 1651 and whom I bought of Thomas Doynes. This is evidently a renewal of his headrights claim, which was often done. I don’t believe it indicates John had three wives as is often claimed. Joanna was referred to as Joan and Ann, not uncommon for the period.
In October, 1656 Emperor Smith sued John Nevill for Physick and Chirurgery upon Nevill’s wife, but Nevill stated that his wife never had any such things of the said Smith. It was noted that Goodie Nevill was in England, and the case was put off until the said Nevill’s wife returned out of England. It is likely that Joanna had delivered a baby and the doctor was charging for her care. While Joanna was away, John became embroiled in an affair with a married woman.
In May, 1657 James Atchison accused John Nevill of adulterous relations with his wife Susan Atchison. The court records include the following:
Johanna Watts, 25, or thereabouts, deposes that when she, Mary Gilford and Susan Barbary found Susan Attcheson and John Nevill in the thicket sitting on the ground by a fallen tree, she asked Nevill if he weren’t ashamed of what he was doing, having had warnings of such doings. Nevill asked her not to say anything to Susan Attcheson’s husband. When she asked Susan what she was doing there, Susan said she had not come to meet Nevill, but to go to her garden. But the dpnt. says the garden was not that way but contrary another way. Further this dpnt. says that when she ask Susan Attcheson on another occasion why she frequented Nevill’s company and would not love her husband, Susan answered that her husband abused her and she could not love him. The dept. also said that she heard her husband Sanders Watts say that when James Attcheson was over at the court that was adjourned, John Nevill and Susan Attcheson did lie in bed together, and that Susan did call Nevill to bed to her.
Thomas Flott, 20, or thereabouts, deposes that sometime last year between Easter Whitsuntide upon a Lord’s day that he was in his master George Reed’s house, where he saw John Nevill and Susan Attcheson upon a bed together. The dpnt. tried to pull Nevill away from Susan, but Nevill became angry with him and told him to go outside. The dpnt. was going strawberrying, but before he got as far as the cowpen he heard Susan cry out “help for God’s sake help” Going back he found them on the bed, whereupon he spoke to them, saying that they should be ashamed and to get off the bed. They got off and walked up and down the house together, but shortly Nevill threw Susan down on the bed again, and she cried out. Then George Reed and his wife were coming home, so they got off the bed, Susan asking the dpnt. not to speak of what had happened to his dame for fear she would be beaten. Another time the dpnt. and an Indian say Nevill and Susan in the loft, whereupon the dpnt. told his dame, who asked Susan what she was doing up there. Susan replied that she had been taking a pipe of tob. to Nevill.
Further the dpnt. says that last winter he was asleep on a bed in the chimney corner, and waking in the night, he saw Susan lying on the ground before the fire with Nevill on top of her. And when the dpnt. spoke to Susan about it the next morning, Nevill threatened the dpnt. that he would whip him before the year came about “till the blood should follow.”
Alexander Watts deposes that about the time the Jan. Ct. was adjourned, he ask John Nevill to go with his wife and help her with a cow and a calf from Mrs. ffenwicks, he the dpnt. being sick at the time and unable to go himself. Nevill went but before he did, Susan Attcheson (in whose house Nevill then was) said that if Nevill went she would let the barrel of beer out about the house. But Nevill coming home to Attcheson’s house that night, Susan having gone to bed in Cornelius Cannady’s bed the dpnt. heard Susan call to Nevill bidding him to come to bed for it was very cold. May 1657
Oh my, what scoundrels! In November, the court found them both guilty and John and Susan were to receive 20 lashes and pay the court costs. Petitions were presented by friends of John and his whipping was changed to a fine of 500 pounds of tobacco, which his friends pledged to pay. Susan evidently was given her lashes.
When Goodie Nevill, returned she became involved in an altercation with Goodie Roe, in which the ladies pulled hair, scratched and screamed at each other. Evidently the language used was scandalous, and the physical altercation bordered on mayhem. The ruckus raised a group of gentlemen who intervened. Among the witnesses was Thomas Baker. In 1658 Dr. Barber sued John for debt.
John continued to have difficulties with neighbors and this may be one of the reasons that in 1661 he purchased 500 acres of land in Charles County called Moore’s Ditch from Henry Moore and Elizabeth, his wife. He deeded this acreage to his wife Johanna, and it must be wondered if this wasn’t because of his misdeeds earlier during her absence.
In Charles County a lawsuit between John and Joanna Neville and Thomas Baker is recorded. In July 1662 the testimony states that Joanna had given birth the year before to a daughter and while still recovering she had invited a man into her bed. While there were witnesses to this event, they were not believed, and Baker, who had spread the rumor, was found guilty of defamation.
Calvert County is across the river from Charles County and movement back and forth was easily done. In 1661 in Calvert County is an extraordinary record. The sheriff responded to a charge that John and Ann Neville had beaten their servant, Margaret Redfearne. The husband of Susan Barbary purchased Margaret from John, and Susan Barbary remarked on the bruises Margaret bore from the beating. Margaret died from her beating and Ann Neville was tried and acquitted for her death. I suspect there was much ill will between Susan Barbary and the Nevills as she also testified about John’s adultery.
John is referred to as a gentleman in 1662, but clearly he was not. He was a rough and tumble ship’s captain, who most likely enjoyed a nip or two. In February 1662, John Nevill, Gentleman, gave a gift deed to his son-in-law, John Lambert, and wife of certain livestock for a period of four years, and that in 1666 the stock and the increase were to be divided between John Lambert and William Nevill, the son of John Nevill. He also transferred servants and bills due to his son-in-law. That same year he gave a cow named Ring to his son William Nevill.
John Nevill ran an ordinary and in October, 1663, Henry Hudson assigned John Nevill all goods, chests or trunks in the dwelling house of the said Nevill, but Hudson was to enjoy the use of the goods until a certain debt due Nevill was paid. John Lambert and William Nevill witnessed the agreement which was affirmed by the next court. That same year John acquired 300 acres in Charles County from Robert Taylor. In February, 1664 Francis Armstrong and wife Frances of the Clifts in Calvert County, sold to John Nevill of the Clifts in Calvert County, 400 acres containing patents called Gunby and Cole. In August, of the same year, Robert Slye, Esquire deeded a mare and filly to John Nevill. John died a few months later.
John’s will was written in Charles County, Maryland in January 1664 and probated the next month. His estate was appraised for 51,153 pounds of tobacco. Among his effects were one silver bowl, two white maid-servants, one white man-servant, one white boy-servant and three Negro slaves. He also left 13 silver spoons, two silver items and a parcel of books. The will notes his wife, Joanna, who received the real and personal property formerly given by deed of gift. His son, William, received the dwelling plantation, and it notes his daughter Ellen Lambert. One of the witnesses was Andrew Bashaw, son of Giles Bashaw, sheriff on Kent Island in 1644 when the conflict over control of the island occurred between Virginians and Marylanders. It is thought that John also was involved in this conflict.
Jane Bashaw and her children removed to Northumberland County in 1645 after the death of Giles. Also residing nearby were Thomas Keene and his wife, Mary, whose maiden name was Thorley, sister to Edward Thorley of Talbot County, Maryland. It is thought that Jane Bashaw was also a Thorley, though there is not proof.
Soon after his death, Walter Story, Merchant of London, sued the estate for payment of a bill for items purchased including one new Ring and setting a stone in another, nine gallons of Sacke, five gallons of brandy, and a pair of woman’s shoes.
In 1665, Johanna Nevill, widow of John, purchased land in Charles County on the Wicomico River. In 1666 her son William also purchased a tract of land in Charles County.
Johanna married Thomas Hussey, Gentleman. John Nevill was the father of William, Ellen, Rachel, and John Jr.
William Nevill, b. about 1640-46 d. after 1697, mariner
In 1662 John Nevill gave a gift deed to William for one cow. Bridget was the mother of William based on his being of age to witness documents in 1663. In August, 1666 in Charles County, William married Joane Browiske.
The records in Charles County, Maryland, state that William Nevill, son of John Nevill, deceased sold inherited land to William Allen and John Munn in 1666. Then, on August 17, 1666, William Nevill of Port Tobacco sold to Thomas Matthews, gentleman, for 3000 pounds of tobacco, land he had inherited from his father, known as Huckle Berry Swamp. In this document his wife Joane, released her dower rights.
In 1669 for 2,700 pounds of tobacco William Nevill bought 150 acres from John Munn on the south side of Piscataway River, on the east side of St. Thomas Creek. In 1672 Will Nevill was paid for a wolf’s head by Charles County. In 1674, William Nevill delivered a mare to Edmond Lindsey. The records are silent for nearly 20 years, when it is noted that in March, 1694, Joane and William Nevill of Talbot County, Maryland sold a lot in Westchester. It seems this is the same sale that is also noted as a deed from William Nevill to Sarah Noble for a dwelling house and lot in the town of Westchester, Talbot County, Maryland.
In 1696/7 William Nevill seized a sloop and goods at the head of the Bay by order of the King’s lawyer. Clearly, he was still sailing. In September 1697, the sheriff of Talbot County was ordered to bring William Nevill, late of Charles County, planter, to answer charges that he doth keep and entertaine another man’s wife by forse against ye pease of our Sovereigne Lord… William produced a court certificate from Salem dated October 28th, 1694 showing they were married. However, the claim was that he was already married. So, William gave the court documentation stating, Know all men by these presents that I Jane Browiske doe hereby Exonerate discharge acquit for Ever William Nevill from all claim of Dowers, Titles of Dowers or any other matter or thing whatsoever having Reseivd full satisfaction from ye sd Nevill as by his deed of gift appears as wittnes my hand this 26 day of March one thousand six hundred ninety five. And that ye sd Jane does hereby acquit and discharge ye sd Wm Nevill from any pretense of marriage, and will never trouble nor any wayes molest ye sd Nevill during his naturall life. Signed and witnessed.
It is unclear what the relationship is to this William Nevill, but in 1700 William and Thomas Nevill were charged in Charles County with stealing a barrow hog. They were sentenced to spend an hour in the pillory and receive ten lashes on bare backs. They also paid four-fold for the value of the hog. They later evidently removed to Baltimore County where they are listed in the tax records on the South Side of Gunpowder Hundred in 1702 and 1703.
Ellen Nevill married John Lambert. She died between March 1671 and April 1676.
Rachel Nevill, b. 1658
Rachel Nevill married Michael Ashford. In November 13, 1677, Johanna and Thomas Hussey deeded to Rachel Nevill, natural daughter of Johanna, (and) wife of Michael Ashford, of Charles County, a farm known as “Moore’s Ditch”, in Charles County on the west side of Zachia Swamp adjoining the land of George Goodrick and Robert Goodrick.
John Nevill, Jr. b. 1640-1650 d. 1673, Charles County, Maryland
John Nevill recorded a deed in Charles County in 1673. His will dated in October, 1673 was filed in November, 1674 in Talbot County. The will states he was late of Calvert County. He does not mention a wife or children and leaves a mourning ring to Richard Tillman, gentleman of Talbot County, and the rest of his estate to his friend, Patrick Sullivant. 6,000 lb. of tobacco were paid to William Tillmand for taking care of him when he was ill. The will was witnessed by Ralph Blackwell and James Blackhurst. Patrick Sullivan was the executor.
Maryland and Accomack/ Northampton Counties, Virginia
Pordinado Pulton included Richard Nevill and others in 1633 list of headrights. Richard Nevill was the servant of Randall Revell, who claimed he had been in Maryland since 1634. Randoll Revell, cooper, acknowledged he was a debtor to Leonard Calvert in 1638, at the Provincial Court for Maryland held at St. Mary’s. That same year, Richard Nevill voted in the elections for Burgess. Nevill voted again the next year. In 1639, the settlement of the estate of Justinian Snowe, an exceedingly wealthy planter in Maryland, lists Randoll Revell and Richard Nevill as debtors. That same year, Randoll Revell administered the estate of Andrew Chappell, late of St. Mary’s, mariner. This makes it clear Revell and Nevill were in Maryland before 1640. They travelled together back and fourth between Maryland and the Eastern Shore of Virginia.
In the January 1640/41 Court Records of Accomack-Northampton, Virginia, Richard Nevill was listed by Captain Stone when he filed headrights for 950 acres. It is likely the Richard Nevill listed by Stone and Revell is the same individual. In October, 1640 Randal Revell acquired 100 acres described as …in the Mannor of West St. Marys called St. Georges Point, bounding on the east south and north with St. Georges River on the west with a line drawn cross the woods beginning at the westernmost branch of the creek called Oyster Creek and ending at the head of a bit on the south side of Thomas Surgeons Creek called Cooper Bite…. On July 25, 1641 Randall Revell demandeth One hundred acres of land for transporting Rebecca, his wife into this province and fifty more for transporting his son, John since the year 1634 and one hundred more for 1 man-servant, Richard Nevill and one hundred more assigned from Thomas Letherborow. In 25 Aug 1641Randall Revell assigned his right in fifty acres unto Richard Nevill.
Richard Nevill is listed as a voter in Saint Georges Hundred in July, 1641. Randall Revell, Sr. represented Northampton County, Virginia in the House of Burgesses in March 1657/8, after which he removed to Somerset County in Maryland. Revell held land in both counties. He was a Quaker.
In 1659 in Northampton County, Richard Nevill deeded a horse to Argoll Smith. In September, 1659 the will of Richard Nevill was written, and filed in November. It leaves the entire estate to his wife Mary. John Coale and George Such were the witnesses. James Barnabe claimed James Nevill the son of Richard and Mary Nevill was his godson in December when he deeded James a cow and a calf. Richard’s widow Mary, married John Furrs (Furfe) soon after, as Hungars Parish, Northampton has a record of the birth of their daughter Ann in March 1661. John Furrs (Furfe) was among the titheables in Accomack County in 1687-8.
In 1662 the patent of Richard Nevill for 1300 acres on the seaboard side of the county, was renewed, noting that James Nevill was then 7 years old. On the seaboard side, being a neck of land or Island, bounding Ely. By Matchepungo River, West by creeks issuing out of said river and by cattle marshes or branches, Northerly and southerly upon said creeks including all points, marshes, and islands within said Neck of Island. Granted to Thomas Harmonson, June 1654 and assigned to said Nevil.
James Nevill, b. 1655 son of Richard Nevill,
Northampton County, Virginia
The land patented by Richard for his son James Nevill was known as Nevill’s Neck, and Nevill’s Creek ran between the neck of land and the mainland. It was later named Parting Creek and the acreage became known as Bell’s Neck. In 1672 James’ step-father, John Furrs, was placed in control of the land until James came of age. However, John Tankard attempted to claim the land as deserted in 1672. The court ruled that the land was to continue being held for the minor, James Nevill. In 1678 James Nevill, mariner, sold a half interest in the 1300 acres to Isaac Foxcroft. In 1681, James Nevill, stating that he was 26 years of age, sold the remaining half of this property to William Whittington. The land was now held by Whittington and Foxcroft. In 1684 the patent was reissued to Thomas Harmanson, only to be claimed by Captain William Whittington in 1685. Whittington claimed Nevill and Harmanson had abandoned the land. Harmanson gave a quit claim to Whittington. In 1690 Isaac Foxcroft and his wife Bridget sold their half to Thomas Harmanson. What a legal mess.
In 1683 James Nevill and wife Dorothy purchased 400 acres from William Whittington in Northampton County. This was described as adjacent Canoe Branch, west of the bayside road of Shady side. In 1684 the will of John Sturgess written in March, 1683, mentions his daughter Dorothy Nevill. John Sturgess was from Accomack County, and his wife was Dorothy Savage. In 1682 John Thompson’s will left to Dorothy Nevill 2 cows, and godson William Marshall one cow. Dorothy was Thompson’s niece.
In the Northampton Orders and Wills are two notations regarding the age of James Nevill. In August, 1678 his age is given as 23. In August, 1681, it is given as 26. Clearly this is the James Nevill who was born in 1655.
In Somerset County, Maryland beginning in 1681 are the records of a suit by Captain William Whittington against James Nevill for debt. In the 1689 Somerset County, Maryland Rent Rolls is this notation regarding 200 acres known as Nevill’s Folly, on the south west side of Deep Creek below the wading place. Nevill fled to the southward long since. Not possessed. James Nevil was a defendant against Ephraim Wilson in the Somerset County, Maryland court records in 1694/96. It is not clear if he was present for the suit. Further research might reveal what relationship between Whittington and Nevill led to their continuing differences.
In the records at Edenton for the Albemarle and Chowan Regions of North Carolina, is the record that in 1697, James Nevill obtained land for transporting himself, Dorothy his wife, Rebecca, Richard, James, John and Thomas Nevill. Each person would have been worth 50 acres headrights. In 1701, Court was held at the home of Mr. James Nevill, Albermarle County at Edenton, North Carolina. Later, in 1702, in Bath County is the record that James Nevill, Sr. obtained land for transporting James Nevill, Jr., Richard Nevill, Nicholas Tylor, and Francis Gorganus. This area became Beaufort County, then Hyde, Craven and Pamlico Counties. On Mosley’s Map, the Nevill plantation is shown on the south shore of the Pamticoe River. An extended Nevill family is related to these early North Carolina immigrants.
Richard Nevill, Gloucester County Virginia
Gloucester County was formed from York County. In 1650 Richard Nevill was claimed by Mr. Anthony Elliott in Gloucester County when Elliot obtained 1,150 acres on the northwest side of North River by Mobjack Bay adjoining the lands of Thomas Chapmand and Mr. Holden. John Lewger claimed Ann, now wife of Richard Nevill, for headrights in 1651. There are no further records of this Richard Nevill, to date.
John Neville, Gloucester County, Virginia and Duncan Bohannon
Duncan Bohannon also acquired land along Mobjack Bay. On May 5, 1662, John Nevill filed a suit of attachment against Dunkan Bohannon for debt in Charles County, Maryland. It is noted that the suit was continued in 1664 because of the death of the Plaintiff. John Nevill, of Maryland, died in June of 1664, and his will, dated January, 1664, was proven in July of that year. There is no mention of a son, John. What is a concern is, if Duncan Bohannon had been indebted to the estate, the distribution of a settlement surely would have been to the children who inherited through John Nevill, Sr.’s will of 1664.
In the record of Gloucester County, Virginia in 1667 is a deed to Duncan Bohannon and John Mechen obtaining rights to 220 acres …on the head of the Easternmost River adjoining Mr. Armistead and Captain Dudley…. Bohannon was a Scotsman who came to Virginia after a brief residence in Barbados, where he married Cecily Collmore at St. Michael’s in July, 1658.
Duncan was deeded 340 acres in Kingstone Parish, on March 6, 1674 upon the Easternmost River …adjoining his own land along the river and John Nevill’s… from William Armistead. The same day Bohannon had deeded 100 acres to the infant John Nevill.
…Grant unto Jno Nevell Infant 100 acres of land situated in Kingston Parish in riverside and adjoining a greater tract of Dunkin Bohannan. Beginning at a corner of Easternmost River…land of Richard Cary & running thence into the woods WNW 300 poles to a corner…land of Mr. Jno Armstead then by the said Armstead’s land of Dunken Bohannan’s land the said land being formerly due Dunken Bohannan by purchase from Mr. Armstead & then sold to the father of the above said Jno Nevell as sonne & heir of his dec’d father to have and to hold & to 6 March 1675/6.
In 1704 John Nevill was listed for 100 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, Quit Rents. Dunkin Bohannah is listed for 113 ½ acres, John Bohannah 113 ½ acres, and Joseph Bohannah 148 acres. Bohannah and Bohannan obviously are the same family.
The known descendents of Duncan Bohannan are given as:
Elizabeth Bohannon was born before 1670 in Gloucester County.
Joseph Bohannon was born before 1684.
John Bohannon was born before 1684;
Duncan Bohannon was born about 1675 in Gloucester County, married in 1696 in Gloucester County, Sarah Elliott. He died in Orange County in 1754. Their children were: Margaret wife of Henry Rice; Sarah wife of a Saymor; Judith; William who married Sarah; Dunkin married Susanna May; Elliott married Anne Walker.
Records in Middlesex County, Virginia
The difficulty arises in trying to tie the families identified in the early 18th century with immigrants of the early 17th century without clear identifiable links. We do know that in Middlesex County both Bohannon and Nevill families were recorded in Christ Church Parish.
John Bohannon married Agnes Newberry in April, 1729. Their children were noted in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County. William was born in 1730; Sarah was born in 1733.
Henry and Ann Bohannon also are recorded in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex for the birth of son John in 1740.
Joseph Bohannon and Elizabeth (Nevill) are also noted in the Christ Church Parish Records of Middlesex County, Virginia. Their children were: Nevill Bohannon was born June, 1724; George Bohannon was born August, 1726; Sarah Bohannon was born August 1728; and William Bohannon was born in 1730. Her second husband was Thomas Faulkner.
It is also said that Joseph Nevill, brother of Elizabeth Nevill, married Ann Bohannon, then Mary Elliot. Elizabeth Bohannon is supposed by some to have married John Nevill. The Elizabeth Nevill who married Joseph Bohannon is evidently a sister to George and Joseph Nevil, but I suspect she is the only member of the family to marry a Bohannon. Another mysterious marriage association is George Nevill who is said to have married Ann Burroughs then Mary Gibbs. George Nevill was also noted in the Christ Church Parish Register for the same time period.
In 1751 Nevill Bohannon and William Bohannon of Dettingen Parish, Prince William County, sold 373 acres in Hamilton Parish to Thomas Dodson. The deed was witnessed by Robert Foster, John Neville and Robert Neville. At some point this land had been purchased by John Minter and sold to Elizabeth Bohannon. John and Robert Nevill are likely the sons of John Nevill who died in 1768 in Fauquier County.
Thomas Dodson born about 1707 married Elizabeth Rose in 1726. He later married the widow Ellenor Sloan. Thomas Dodson Jr. born in 1728, in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, married his cousin, Mary Dodson, daughter of George Dodson, then, as his second wife, he married Mary Neville, daughter of Joseph Neville. Sarah Dodson, daughter born in May, 1732, to Thomas Dodson and Elizabeth Rose, married John Nevill.
John Nevill, Kidnapped in 1679, Gloucester
John Nevill was kidnapped as a young boy and taken from Warwickshire to Gloucester, Virginia. It is difficult to imagine, but the kidnapping of children in England was not that unusual. Children of the street were certainly the most vulnerable, but any child left at the mercies of an unsavory adult could be swept away across the sea to the colonies. One can try to imagine, was he a greedy guardian, wanting an estate, or perhaps a guardian unable to support an orphaned nephew or cousin, perhaps a step-mother wishing ill to an elder inheriting son? The fact the child was educated certainly betrays some connection to a birth family of means and many of the Nevills found there held power and influence.
In the historical records of the LeMoyne House, in Washington County, Pennsylvania is the following historical document written by Presley Nevill. It quickly makes clear that there are differences in the Nevill marriages noted above to the Bohannans. That the letter states John Nevill arrived about 1679 is not really in conflict with the deed records above. It would seem that the John Nevill in the 1705 Quit Rents of Gloucester County, adjacent to the Bohannans, and the John Nevill of the 1675 deed from Bohannan, is also the John Nevill written about below. Beyond that nothing else is clear regarding the relationship to John Nevill of Maryland, or Richard Nevill and Ann of 1651 Gloucester County.
The following is the only history of my family which I am in possession of and which I this day collected from my father Gen. John Nevill Feb 8, 1803. In the early settlement of Virginia it was common to kidnap or steal young people in England, Ireland and Scotland but particularly in the former and bring them to the Colonies with a view to profit by either selling them or using them as clerks or overseers as their abilities seemed to promise the most advantage. My great grandfather was brought to Virginia in this way about the year 1679. Altho a small boy, he had a good education as such and remembered well coming from Warwickshire- by exposing the circumstances of his being forced from England he made friends on arriving in Virginia and escaped a servile situation. How he spent his life for sometime is unknown but he finally had a good estate in Gloucester County which was afterwards sold to a Col. Carey and is in his family at present. He was married to a woman by the name of Weeks who was my great grand mother. Her history is this, a family of distinction by the name of Shipworth whose head was a Knight had settled very early in Virginia and with a lady of that family called Lady Joice Shipworth came from England with Miss Weeks as a companion, friend or maybe a poor relation, she was uncommonly educated for those times and remarkable during her life for her genteel and cultivated manners. To her John Nevill was married and had several children, one of whom was called Joice after the Lady with whom she came to America. Joseph Nevill, my grandfather, one of the sons of the aforesaid couple was born about 1700 in Gloucester County, Virginia and was bred a planter, he married a Mary Barget a very handsome and genteel woman. She was an only child, her marriage and the death of her parents caused the name to become extinct in Virginia. They had many children of which my father called from his grandfather was the eldest. He was born about the year 1730 and married in 1754 to Winifred Oldham, some small account of whom I shall note hereafter. The three generations of Nevill here mentioned, my great grandfather, grandfather and father were remarkable for sound understanding-great activity, bodily strength and violent dispositions-anecdotes of which hereafter. I have frequently seen a piece of gold which King Charles’ tied around the neck of my great grandmother as a prevention or cure for some disease. She died about the year 1760 aged about 100 years. Whenever she was indisposed, she applied to King Charles’ gold which she thought always made her better.
My grandfather Joseph Nevill died about the year 1799 aged near 100 years. John Nevill, my father died July 29, 1803 aged 73 years. A correct copy from Gen. Presley Nevill is in the possession of his son. Signed: Presley J. Nevill
John Nevill, from Warwickshire, who lived in Gloucester County, and his wife Ms. Weeks were the parents of Joice, George, Colonel Joseph, and John Nevill.
George Nevill was born in 1695 and died in 1774 in Fauquier County, Virginia. He married Anna Symes in 1725 in Middlesex County and then Mary Gibbs also in Middlesex County. George was an overseer in Gloucester County for Colonel Page. Page was from York County. George operated an inn and mill on Cedar run in Prince William County. This later became Fauquier County. In 1747 George Washington stopped at the ordinary run by George Nevill. George Nevill was known as a polished man whose descendents included four Generals in the War of 1812. The marriage to Anna Symes was recorded in 1725 and the next year the birth of Mary, daughter of George and Hannah Nevill was recorded at Christ Church, Middlesex County. Betty was born in 1728, and Hannah died the same month. George married Mary Gibbs six months later and settled in Prince William County by 1730 (later became Fauquier County). Mary was the mother of Joanna, Elizabeth, Judith, Mildred, Lucy, Anna, Letitia, and Susannah Nevill.
Colonel Joseph Nevill
Colonel Joseph Nevill was born in Gloucester County. In 1790 his age was given as 83, and in 1792 as 85. Joseph died in 1799. Joseph and Mary Barget were married in Abingdon Parish in Gloucester County. They lived there until 1735 when Joseph Nevill was granted a license to keep an ordinary in Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County. In 1729-41 he ran an ordinary in Caroline County. In 1743 Joseph Nevill and wife Mary, acknowledged a deed to Thomas Roy. In 1745 he purchased land in Prince William County where he was on the rent rolls in 1753 and 1754. In 1762 he sold his son George land he had purchased in 1745. This area was then Fauquier County. Colonel Nevill married Mary Elliott in December, 1777.
The children of Joseph Nevill and Mary Barget
John born in 1731, Abingdon Parish, Gloucester. General John Neville married Winifred Oldham, daughter of John Oldham and Anne Conway. His son was Presley Nevill.
William Neville married Winifred Oldham, daughter of John Oldham and Mary. She was a cousin to the wife of John Nevill. William was the father of Jesse Neville, born in July, 1759 in Fauquier County, Virginia. Jesse married Sarah McCarter, and was the father of Rebecca, William, Elizabeth, Winifred, James B. and Alexander.
Joseph, Jr. born in 1733, Abingdon Parish. General Joseph Neville, Jr. married Agness Browne.
George was called George Jr. to distinguish him from his uncle George. He married Rachel Earle, March 1762.
Ann married William O’Bannon. She died in 1824.
James was born in 1741 in Prince William County. James was a Revolutionary Soldier and his war pension says George Nevill is his brother. James married Sarah Jackman.
John Nevill who died in 1768 in Fauquier County is also likely a son. His will lists sons John, Robert, Gabriel, and Henry and daughters Kitty Fitzgerald, Ann Fishback, Elizabeth Taylor, Sarah Redman and Mary Nevill. The balance of his estate went to son Thomas Nevill, a minor. His will notes his loving friends George Neavill and John Buchanan as his executors and guardians of Thomas. The executors declined to serve and William Carr was appointed. The will of Joseph Buchanan of Prince William County and parish of Hamilton was filed in 1738 and lists wife Elizabeth, sons John, Joseph, Neavill, William and George Buchanan, loving brothers George Neavill and Joseph Minter as Executors. I believe that Elizabeth Buchanan was a Nevill.
James Nevill of Goochland and Albermarle County
James Nevill was born about 1689. He is frequently shown as a son of John from Gloucester County. James Nevill patented 400 acres on the east side of a branch of the James River called the Great Creek in 1725. This land was in that part of Henrico County which became Goochland County in 1727. In 1729 he patented an additional 400 acres on the south side of the Fluvanna River below the Rocky Islands. In 1731 he sold the 400 acres on the south side of the James River to Joseph Hooper. Then in 1732, he patented 700 acres on the south side of the Fluvanna River. In 1735, James sold 400 acres on the south side of the Fluvanna, being part of the 700 acres granted in 1735. This land was sold to James Daniel of Middlesex County, planter. The next year he sold 400 acres on the north side of Fluvanna and upper side of Hardware River to Thomas Tindall. The deed notes James had patented this land in 1729.
James was a Captain in the Virginia Militia in Goochland County in 1740 and a Justice of Albemarle County in 1744. In 1743, Captain James Nevil, Gentleman patented 1850 acres on both sides of Watkins Creek of Fluvanna River and Hoopers Creek of James River adjacent Joseph Hooper and Philip Mayo. In 1746 he renewed his patents on 1,850 acres and 700 acres for a total holding of 2,550 acres. In 1750 James and his second wife, Lucy, sold 500 acres to John Cobbs. In 1751 he sold 100 acres to John Ware.
James Neville wrote his will in March and it was filed in November, 1752 in St. Ann’s Parish, Albemarle County, Virginia. The will notes sons James Nevil, Cornelius Thomas, the son of Lucy Nevil who was his wife; daughters Bethemiah Allen wife of John Allen, Johanna Brown and her son John Brown, and her eldest daughter, Hannah Matthews, Mary Douglas, Martha Nevil, Elizabeth Nevil, a minor, Judith Nevil, a minor, and Sally Nevil also a minor. George Carrington and Abraham Childers were friends and executors. Lucy Thomas Nevill later married Abraham Childers, despite the will of Captain James Neville stating explicitly that he did not want his widow Lucy to marry his beloved friend, Abraham Childers (Childress). One has to wonder about Lucy Thomas.
James was married twice. His first wife is unknown, although an undocumented, but often quoted source states she was the widow, Mary Keen. She was the mother of James who married Mary Lewis, Johanna who married James Brown, Hannah who married William Matthews, and Mary who married John Douglas. Lucy Thomas, his second wife, and sister to Michael Thomas was the mother of: Cornelius Thomas, Bethenia Thomas who married John Allen then George Hilton, Martha Nevill who married Henry Hopson, Elizabeth Nevill, a minor at the death of her father in 1752, Judith Nevill who married John Hughes and then Robert Mitchell; and Sally who married Jacob Michaux, then Edmund Vaughan.
James Neville the son was born in 1728 and served as a Captain in the French and Indian War and sheriff of Amherst County from 1763 to 1765. He was referred to as Colonel James Nevill. James married Mary Lewis, daughter of John Lewis and Elizabeth Shelton. Their eldest son was Captain Lewis Neville, born about 1763. Colonel Zachariah Neville, another son, married Ann Scott Jefferson and was a member of the House of Delegates from Nelson County, Virginia in 1829. A daughter, Sally married Charles A. Lewis in 1796. James Neville, Jr. died December, 1784.
It is likely his death resulted in the Chancery Suit filed in 1784 in Williamsburg Chancery Court titled Thomas versus Neville: In the suit it states that Captain James Nevill made his will in March 1752, and was twice married. The children of his first wife are listed as James Neville, who died in 1784 leaving Lewis; Joanna Brown; Hannah Matthews; Mary Douglas. The children of the second wife, Lucy Thomas were: Cornelius Thomas, born out of wedlock and father of John, Cornelius, Elizabeth Lucy and Sally Thomas; Bethania Thomas, also born out of wedlock, who married George Hilton; Martha who married Henry Hobson; Elizabeth who died a minor; Judith who married Robert Mitchell of Richmond; and Sally who married Michaux then Vaughan.
John Nevill from Ireland
In the Order Books of Amelia County is this deposition June 1740 John Nevill, in order to prove his right to take up land, according to the Royal Charter, made oath that he came into this Colony to dwell, from Ireland, in the year, 1724, and that this is the first time of his proving his importation. Whereupon, Certificate is granted him to take up 50 acres of land.
William Nevill of
Isle of Wight and Nansemond County
Isle of Wight Historical Background
In April, 1619 a transport of 100 settlers arrived in Jamestown aboard Captain Evan’s ship. The first settlement across the James River in what would eventually be called Isle of Wight was along a stream that was named after Captain Christopher Lawne. Lawne and Ensign Washer were the representatives in 1619 to the House of Burgesses for Lawne’s Plantations. Also associated with this settlement were Sir Richard Worsley, knight baronet, and Nathaniel Basse, gentleman; John Hobson, gentleman; Anthony Olevan, Richard Wiseman, Robert Newland, Robert Gyner, and William Willis. In 1620 Captain Lawne died, along with most of the original 100 settlers.
The early settlers came from the city of Bristol and its vicinity and were cavalier in their leanings. The early records make it clear that the “Bristol ships” came often and with them brought new emigrants. In 1621 a merchant of London, Edward Bennett, settled 200 emigrants in Isle of Wight. His associates were his brother, Robert Bennett, his nephew, Richard Bennet, Thomas Ayres, Thomas Wiseman, and Richard Wiseman, and the Sea Flower. Captain Ralph Hamor brought 120 settlers to Edward Bennett’s Plantation known as Rocks. Captain Nathaniel Basse established another plantation known as Basse’s Choice on what was then known as Warrosquoyacke River, and later as Pagan River. In 1622, as settlers were constructing permanent dwellings, the Indians rose up and reduced the emigrant population in Virginia. They killed 53 in Isle of Wight and 347 throughout the colony of the 1240 then living there. Isle of Wight was abandoned. In 1623 Sir George Yeardley attacked the tribes, burning their houses and taking their food supplies. A fort was built on the River’s shore. Within a year there were 53 living at Worwicke-Squeak and Basse’s Choice.
Among the early landholders were Thomas Key, Nathaniel Basse, John Moon, a wealthy planter, and Captain John Upton who was granted 1,653 acres along Pagan Creek in 1635. George Hardy was granted 300 acres on Lawnes Creek. Benjamin Harrison was granted 250 acres on the river. The boundary of Isle of Wight was originally set as North by Lawnes Creek, east by the James River to the plantation of Richard Hayes (John Howard’s originally), south along creeks to the head of Colonel Pitt’s Creek, and west into the woods. Isle of Wight County was formed in 1637 from Warrosquyouke County. Adjacent to Isle of Wight was Nansemond County, formed in 1643. Later, in 1656, those living at Ragged Island and Terascoe Neck were included in Isle of Wight. In 1674, after border disputes with Nansemond County, the boundaries were set as a southwest line that ran from the river side of the plantation of Hayes, to the creek near the plantation called Nevill’s Oyster Bank, to Colonel Pitt’s Creek then southwest. In 1732 part of the northwestern section of the county became Brunswick County, and in 1748, Southampton, known as Nottoway Parish, was taken from Isle of Wight.
The home of Christopher Jackson, County Clerk of Nansemond County, burned down in 1733 and with it the records of estates, titles and interests were destroyed. In August the Assembly ordered measures to help validate titles and interests no longer supported by recorded documents.
Colonel Robert Pitt married Martha Lean. He settled in Isle of Wight County and was Burgess and Councilor from 1649 to 1660. Lt. Col Robert Pitt, Sr. was commissioned by the Virginia Colony to solve the tax protest against England in Northampton County. He patented 1,000 acres at Pitt’s Creek, and received anther 2,000 acres from Col. Edmund Scarbourgh. He also patented 1,000 acres in Somerset County in 1665. Colonel Robert Pitt, Sr died in 1669/70. His son was Captain Robert Pitt, mariner of the ship Mary. Captain Pitt died before his father, and his widow married John Barker, son of William Barker, mariner, who was one of the largest land purchasers in early Virginia. He was the founder of Merchants Hope in Charles City County. The Pitts were neighbors to William Nevill great-grandfather of Bridget Nevill Gee. Colonel Pitt’s granddaughter Mary married a Drury. Clearly the Pitts, Nevills and Drurys lived in the same vicinity.
Colonel Robert Pitt of Bristol was captain of the privateer of Bristol named Thunder in the war of 1628 against France. He fought for the Huegenots. His brother, William Pitt owned the ships Mary Rose and Supply in 1627. Colonel Robert Pitt was a land speculator as were most ship captains who sailed to Virginia. He was Burgess of Isle of Wight County from 1649 to 1660 and he died in 1674. In October 1674, John Willie, tallow chandler of London, who married Elizabeth, the widow and administrator of Robert Pitt, late mariner of London, and mother and guardian of Robert Pitt, the only child of her deceased husband, gave an 11 year lease to Thomas Newbold, merchant of London, on a plantation of 3,000 acres on Pokamack River and Chesapeake Bay in Accomack County, Virginia. Part of the land had been patented by Pitt and rented to Colonel Edmond Scarburg. The 400 pounds of tobacco in rent each year was for the use of Robert Pitt, the son.
Thomas Pitt, who died in 1613, was the father of William Pitt. William and Mary Pitt of Bristol were the parents of Robert Pitt and Henry Pitt. There was also a Thomas Pitt who patented land in Virginia along the Appomattox in 1646 who may have been another son of William Pitt. Maud, sister of Robert and Henry, married Dr. Richard Russell, of Lower Norfolk County. It appears the Russells removed to New England along with another sister, Mary Pitt and her husband Andrew Newell. The senior Robert Pitt was married to Martha, sister of Colonel John Lear. He was a member of the Council and Lieutenant Colonel. Robert and Martha Pitt were the parents of Robert Pitt, mariner; Lt. Colonel John Pitt; Hester Pitt who married Colonel Joseph Bridger, Esquire of the Council; Elizabeth Pitt who married Nosworthy; and Mary Pitt who married John Brassuer. Lt. Col. John Pitt married Olive Hardy and was the father of Robert Pitt who married Sarah, the daughter of Colonel Arthur Smith and died before his father; John, Henry, James Pitt and daughters Sarah Nosworthy, and Prudence Driver. Henry Pitt, brother of Colonel Robert Pitt, married Ann the widow of Robert Watson, and later she married James Powell. Henry Nevill was the father of Thomas, born in 1636, who married Mary. In 1663, the General Assembly of Virginia rewarded John Pitt of Isle of Wight for building a vessel of 28 tons. The granddaughter of Robert Pitt married a Drury. In his will dated in 1672 Robert Pitt lists sons John, grandsons John, William and Robert Pitt, and daughters Martha Pitt, Mary Brashor (?), Higbe (?) Bridges, and Elizabeth Norsworthy.
John Marshall was a prominent citizen of Isle of Wight County. He was involved in Bacon’s rebellion in 1676. The English commissioners established themselves at Swan’s Point when Jamestown was burnt. Marshall and the other subscribers to the complaint against the Berkely administration of Virginia were later required to detract their petition. John Marshall’s will was proved in June, 1688 in Isle of Wight. It mentions a son Humphry, a daughter Mary, a youngest son, and brothers Humphry Marshall and Peter Best. Humphry Marshall patented 1300 acres in 1667.
Christopher Reynolds arrived as early as 1635. His will notes his sons Christopher, John, and Richard. It also notes daughters Abbasha, Elizabeth, and Jane. His wife, Elizabeth, was pregnant at the time of his death, and she had a young son, George Rivers. This will was filed in 1654. In 1668 John Reynolds notes his brother Richard Reynolds, and brother George Rivers, sisters Elizabeth Rivers and Jane Reynolds, and sister Elizabeth Jordan. Christopher Reynolds Jr. had a son Richard who was noted as Richard Reynold, Jr. He married Elizabeth Williams, whose brother was George Williams Jr. Their father was George Williams, a tailor, who died in 1672 leaving three minor orphans to the care of Pharoah Cobb, Arthur Smith, and Henry Applewhaite. Christopher Jr.’s brother Richard Sr. died in 1707 without a will. Then there are 40 years without any deed records.
William Nevill of Nevill’s Oyster Bank
William Nevill is the founder of our Nevill branch. He was first noted in Isle of Wight County. In March 1642 the Virginia Assembly declared that the border of Isle of Wight County …shall extend from the main river into the woods southerly unto and including the plantation of William Nevill and Robert Pitt. William’s plantation was called Nevill’s Oyster Bank.
A patent to Captain John Upton for 3, 289 acres of land on Pagan Point Creek and New Towne Haven, adjoining Mr. Sparkes, Anthony Jones, Mr. Nevill, Robert Pitt, Mr. Seward, Ambrose Bennett and Mr. Moone, was renewed in 1643.
It appears that William Nevill and his wife Lydia had sons Roger, John, and William. William died before 1663 because by 1663 Lydia, the widow of William Nevill had married Arthur Skinner. In the same year John Nevill received his inheritance from the estate of his father, William. This was seven cows and two thousand and four hundred pound tobacco and cask. That same year Roger Nevill also received his inheritance which was a mare and a valuable sum of tobacco and cask.
Roger Nevill, son of William of Nevill’s Oyter Bank
Roger Nevill was born around 1642 and his descendents remained in Isle of Wight County. Roger sold his interest in William Nevill’s land to Arthur Skinner, on April 25, 1665. The deed notes Skinner as Roger’s father-in-law, a term that did not have the same meaning as it does today. By law, as his mother’s husband, Skinner was Roger’s father. He was listed for 200 acres in Isle of Wight County in the 1704 Quit Rents.
Roger Nevill married Elizabeth Hampton, the widow of Thomas Hampton. Hampton’s will was filed in Isle of Wight in 1703. It notes sons Francis, Thomas, John, daughter Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah and wife Elizabeth.
In a deed dated 15 Sep 1718 Roger Nevill and his wife, Elizabeth Nevill, give to our loving son John Hampton and his wife Ann Hampton….50 acres …being land conveyed by Thomas Powell., Sr. and Thomas Powell, Jr…. on Indian Swamp adjoining Darden. The deed was witnessed by William Kerle, Michael Murfery, and John Powell. Signed Roger Nevill and Elizabeth (X) Nevill.
In 1727/28 Roger Nevill was executor in the filing of the will of Isacc Cook of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight. The legatees were Isaac’s brother John Cooke, Bridgett Rogers, and Isaac’s sister Mary Stringer. Roger Nevill was the executor and received the remainder of the estate after John Cook, Bridgett Rogers and Mary Stringer. The estate was appraised by John Garner, John Marshall, and Michael Murfree and was signed by Roger Nevill.
In 1747 the will of Elizabeth Nevill was filed in Isle of Wight. It leaves legacies to daughter-in-law Mary Sikes, granddaughter Mary Sikes, daughter-in-law Rachel Wainwight, Amy and Ann Wainright, daughter-in-law Mary Nevill, granddaughter Elizabeth Nevill; granddaughter Rachel Nolleboy, granddaughter Elizabeth Garner; granddaughter Sarah Murfrey, granddaughter Ellinor Everett; daughter Sarah Carter; son Francis Hampton; daughter Mary Marshall; son-in-law James Marshall. The executor was son-in-law James Marshall and the witnesses were John Marshall, Jacob Darden, and John Everett.
It is later recorded that Francis Hampton, who was born 1690 and died in December 1747 in Isle of Wight, married Elizabeth Nevill. Their children were Benjamin, John, Martha, Mary and Thomas.
Rachel Nevill married William Bullock who was born about 1695. In 1775 John Bullock and his wife Sarah, of the County of Perquimens, Province of North Carolina, sold to Thomas Newby, Jr. of County of Isle of Wight …170 acres near the head of the Western Branch of Nansemond River … which land was given and devised by Roger Nevill to his daughter Rachel Nevill who intermarried with William Bullock, father of the aforementioned John Bullock, and who being the only male descendant of the said William Bullock and Rachel, his wife….
Anne Nevill, who married her step-brother John Hampton, was born about 1699.
Roger Nevill was born about 1703 and married Rachel.
William, son of William of Nevill’s Oyster Bank
In 1695 John and William Nevill witnessed a deed. That same year this testimony is recorded: Joseph Jordan, age 23, testifies he saw William Nevill burnt on arms and legs, said it was done by Charles Darron and Will Green. Tragically, William apparently died from this attack as he drops from the records.
John Nevill, Sr. son of William of Nevill’s Oyster Bank
In 1664 John Nevill, planter of Nansemond, and his wife, Elizabeth, sold 450 acres to John Marshall of Isle of Wight. This land had been purchased from Henry Bradley in February, 1663. It is also recorded that John Marshall purchased 250 acres from John Nevill, which John had purchased from Gov. Berkely in February, 1663. Marshall deeded this land for love and affection to his son Robert Marshall in 1664. In May of 1665, a patent to Chrisopher Wade noted the land of John Nevill. Later in 1667 John Marshall sold Cornelius Scully the 400 acres lying on Beaver Dam Swamp bought of John Nevill.
In 1665 for a mare and a valuable sum of tobacco and cask, John Nevill of Nansemond County sold Arthur Skinner 125 acres. In February, 1671, Arthur Skinner sold the 125 acres he purchased from John Nevill. In 1677 John signed a petition to His Majesty’s Commissiones asking for the restoration of the estate of William West to his wife and children. West had been a leader in Bacon’s Rebellion. John Marshall had also been a member of Bacon’s Rebellion. In 1667 he sold West 160 acres in Isle of Wight.
In 1680 John Nevill and Richard Reynolds were sureties on the bond of Anne Mecom, relict of Neale Mecom for the administration of his estate. John Nevill patented 92 acres for the transport of 2 persons in the Lower Parish of Isle of Wight County adjacent to Robert Colemand and Christopher Wade in 1684. In 1685 he patented 246 acres in the Lower Parish of Isle of Wight County on the Western branch of the Nansemond River opposite the house of Thomas Oglethorpe and adjacent to Christopher Wade for the transport of 5 persons.
In 1683 John Nevill appraised the estate of John Askew with Christopher Ward, and Hopkins Howell. He also appraised the estate of John Gardner with Thomas Giles, Richard Lewis, and William Godwin. In 1690 with William West and William Godwin he appraised the estate of Alexander Chestnutt.
In 1689 John Nevill and his wife Elizabeth gave a gift deed of 100 acres to their daughter Martha and her husband Benjamin Beale with the provision that should they not have children the title would pass to her brother Benjamin Nevill. This land was originally patented by Richard Sharpe. The witness to this deed was John Nevill, Jr.
In April, 1690 is recorded the division of a tract of land between Richard Reynolds and John Nevill and his wife Elizabeth Nevill. The dispute was over the gift deed to Martha of land patented by Richard Sharpe. Richard Reynolds and Elizabeth were the children of Christopher Reynolds who was one of the earliest settlers in what became Isle of Wight County. He married the sister of Richard Sharpe. A jury of twelve signed the settlement deed.
In 1690, William Godwin, and William West, with John Nevill appraised the estate of Alexander Chestnut.
In 1698 John Nevill, Sr. sold land on the Western Branch, Isle of Wight, called Olde Indian Town, for 8,000 pounds of tobacco. He had purchased this land in 1662 from Dr. John Johnson, of Nansemond County. John Nevill and Thomas Marlor obtained 650 acres in Nansemond County in 1699 which escheated from Robert Throgmorton, deceased, by inquisition under William Randolph, Executor.
As early as 1665 John Sr. was referred to as a citizen of Nansemond County. The date of his death is unknown, but it was probably before 1704. John Sr and his wife had sons John, Jr. and Benjamin and a daughter Martha.
Bridget and Charles Gee had children Nevil, Benjamin, Jesse, John, William, Elizabeth and Penelope. The family connection seems clear. Bridget’s first child, Charles, was born in 1723, which places her birth between 1690 and 1708. It is unclear if she is a sister or daughter of Benjamin Nevill, Sr. who migrated to North Carolina.
The Children of John Neville, Sr. and Elizabeth
Martha Nevill, daughter of John Nevill, Sr.
Martha married Benjamin Beale, Jr. in 1689 in Isle of Wight County. They were the parents of Florence, Benjamin, Patience, Martha, and Mary Beale. The will of Benjamin Beale, Jr. was written in 1713 and was witnessed by Martha’s brother, John Nevill, Thomas Dixon, Richard Beale, and Solomon Horner. The appraisal was done by Jacob Darden, William Murfrey, John Watts, and Robert Smelly. Martha and her son Benjamin signed the appraisal.
John Nevill, Jr.
John Jr. married Elizabeth. In the 1704 Quit Rents, John was taxed for 433 acres in Isle of Wight County. He patented 92 acres in 1684 and 246 acres in 1686. John wrote his will in September 1726, and it was filed in Isle of Wight County in July, 1730. His will mentions his son John, to whom he left all of his land, and nine daughters, Penelope, Elizabeth, Martha, Eleanor, Florence, Mary, Patience, Sarah, and Anne. His wife and son John were the executors and the witnesses were John Marshall and Michael Murfrey and John Garrett. He left Penelope, Elizabeth, Martha, Elenora, Florence and Mary each 1 shilling while Patience and Anne each received a bed. The witnesses were John Marshall, Michael Murfrey and John Garreyp.
Benjamin Nevill is recorded in the 1704-05 Quit Rent Rolls for 475 acres in Nansemond County. This is likely land originally patented by his father. It would seem that Benjamin was still a minor when his sister married in 1689. Benjamin married Elizabeth but we do not know when they were married. The records of Nansemond have been destroyed, so there are no further records for Benjamin in Nansemond.
Benjamin Nevill removed to North Carolina. Beginning in 1720 there was considerable migration from Isle of Wight County and adjacent Nansemond into the Albermarle District of North Carolina. The Albermarle District became a number of counties including Northampton, Edgecombe, Halifax and Granville. Benjamin had sons John, Jesse and Benjamin.
In 1745/6 Thomas Smith of Edgecombe County sold 90 acres on the west side of Elk Marsh Swamp to Benjamin Nevill. The witnesses were Anthony Holliday, Joseph Marshall and John Marshall. 1746/7 Benjamin bought 300 acres on Fishing Creek from John Hubbard in what was Edgecombe County. Benjamin continued to buy land and in 1748 he purchased another 200 acres on the west side of Elk Marsh Swamp from William Pace. The witnesses to this deed were Joseph Marshall, William Roberts, and John Marshall. Benjamin Nevill, planter, of Granville County purchased 300 acres on Taylor Creek in 1752. In 1755, Benjamin Nevill, planter, of Edgecombe County purchased 634 acres on the west side of Elk Marsh. Both purchases were from Lord Granville.
John Nevill was also noted in Granville County in 1755. In 1760 Jesse Nevill, of Halifax County, purchased 290 acres on the west side of Elk Marsh. Halifax County was formed from Edgecombe County in 1759.
Benjamin Nevill of Halifax County died November 15, 1758. In his will he leaves Benjamin the plantation he then lived on in Halifax County. To Jesse he left the plantation in Granville and Edgecombe Counties. He also mentioned his wife Elizabeth and his daughter Elizabeth; to whom he left one Negroe. His wife Elizabeth and Charles Drury were executors. John Marshall Jr., Amy Marshall, and Robert Sanders were witnesses. His children were: Benjamin, Thomas R., Jesse, Elizabeth, and James.
The Children of John Neville, Jr.
John Nevill III
John Neville married Sarah Dodson, daughter of Thomas Dodson and Elizabeth Rose. Sarah was born May 27, 1743 in Isle of Wight. He died in Isle of Wight in January, 1740. I John Neavill being Very sick… I Give unot my son John Nevill my Land andplantation where I now live and my hott Still and the worme and one Feather Bed and the Furneture with Curtains & Vallaines and my Pistoles & holsters & Sword and one young Horse & one Ovell Table & one Iron pott and one BrassKittle and one Gold Ring… unto my son Thomas Nevill one Hundred and Twenty five Acres of Land lying at the Meadows and one Negro man called Luke and one feather Bed & ye furniture with Curtains & Vallanes and two Iron potts one small & one large & one Desk and on hand Gun.. unto my son Joseph Nevill one Hundred & Twenty five Acres iof Land lying at the Meadows and one Negro called Nan and one Brass Kittle and one Long Table and two Iron pott Racks and one Fether Bd and the Furniture belonging to it unto my Daughter Penellipen Nevil one Negro Girl Called Moll with her increase Excepting the first that she Brings I give to my son John and the next two to Jos.(eph). And one feather Bed and the furniture belonging to it and one large Filted Trunk …remaining part of my Estate … equally Devided among my four Children Three Sons and one Daughter … I do Appoint Jno. Marshall Junr. My whole and sole Extor of his my last Will … whereof I have hereunto Set my Hand & Seal this Tenth Day of Jany. 1740 … John Nevill (Seal) … in the presence of Thomas. Gale, B. Beal, Thos. Bullock…
The Witnesses were Thomas Gale, B. Beale, Thomas Bullock and the executor was John Marshall, Jr. The devision of his estate was recorded in 1745 by John Marshall and it was noted that the share of Thomas Nevill was to be divided among the three surviving children.
Children of John Nevill III
John Nevill married Garnes Garner. Garnes was the daughter of John Garner whose will in 1761 notes his daughters Garnes Nevill, Penelope Bullock, Elizabeth Gale and son in law Jethro Gale, and Samuel Mathews. John and William Bullock as well as Samuel and Sarah Everett witnessed the will. In March, 1765 John Nevill and his wife, Garnes Nevill sold to Robert Driver of Newport Parish, 100 acres in the lower parish, being part of the land willed by John Nevill, deceased, to his son Thomas Nevill on January 10, 1740 and at Thomas Nevill’s death the land fell to his brother, the said John Nevill, adjoining Thomas Norsworthy, Joseph Nevill, John Nevill, Benjamin Beal and Robert Driver. This was witnessed by John Marshall, John Smelly, John Parnel, and John Nevill.
The will of John Garner was filed in 1761 in Isle of Wight. It notes daughter Sarah Mathews, Morning Dixon, Mary Everett, Elizabeth Gale, Garnes Nevill, Penelope Bullock, and wife Elizabeth, son John, and granddaughter Margaret Bullock. Sons-in-law were Jethro Gale and Samuel Mathews. The witnesses were Samuel and Sarah Everett and John and William Bullock.
Thomas Nevill was born about 1737. He married Rhoda Lawrence on July 20, 1786 in Isle of Wight.
Joseph Nevill was born about 1739. His will was filed in Isle of Wight County in 1782. The estate was appraised by Robert Driver, Thomas Newman, and Benjamin Beal. The account of his estate was examined by John S. Wills and Robert Marshall in June, 1788.
Penelope Nevill was born about 1740. Penelope married William Watson
Martha Nevill married Charles Drury. Their children were: Henry Drury, Sarah Drury, Charles Jr., Peggy (Margaret) Drury, Elizabeth Drury married Major Henry Duke of Brunswick County in 1765, Mills Nevel Drury who went to Camden County, Georgia. He married Delilah Duke.
The Children of Benjamin Nevill
Benjamin Nevill Jr.
Benjamin married Sarah Neville daughter of Jesse Neville, then Lucretia Smith in 1762. Lucretia was the daughter of Thomas Smith. She was died before 1819 in Halifax. Benjamin was noted in the 1790 Census with two sons under 16, and two females. He owned one slave. In 1820 in Halifax County is a deed to Benjamin Nevill, Sr. for 162 ½ acres on a swamp called Fishes, adjoining land of William Partin, deceased; R. Partin, B. Nevill, Thomas Nevill, and Darling Branch. The witnesses were William Nevill and William Jones.
Benjamin’s will was dated 1831, but was not filed until 1832. The witnesses were Egbert W. Lewis and John D. Nevill. The Executor was Thomas R. Nevill.
The Will of Benjamin Nevill states: my two granddaughters, Martha G. Whitaker and Willmouth M. Whitaker take in their possession in trust for my daughter Bathsheba Whitaker, immediately after my decease, …land she now lives (on), and … negroes, Sam, ruth, Hannah, Canda and twenty barrels corn, …five hundred weight of pork, one cow and calf and saw and picks…, after her decease… to my grandson Andrew Nevill. …My grandson Drury Nevill, land I purchased from Alexander McCullock,…negro man Henry. …My grandson Albert Nevill … land I purchased of Samuel McCullock. …My granddaughter Malissa Nevill, one negro …Ciller. …My granddaughter Mary G. Nevill one negro…Anardy and her daughter. …My granddaughter Susannah Nevill one negro. …My granddaughter Margaret Nevill negro girl…Maria. He then provides for the sale of a parcel of land on credit for two years with the interest to be equally divided between his other grandchildren not provided for in the will, Osmond Nevill excepted. All residue, after payment of debts was given to his son Thomas Nevill.
The Children of Benjamin Nevill, Jr. and Sarah Neville
Hardy Nevil was born in 1765 in Halifax and died November 1823 in Halifax. He married Rebecca Burt about 1795 in Halifax. His second wife was Nancy. The executor of his will was Robert L. Marshall, who was born about 1775 in Halifax and married Elizabeth Martin, widow who was likely Elizabeth Goodwin. Their children were Osmond J. Nevill (1796) of Morgan County, Alabama; Hillman Holloman Nevill of Halifax, b. 1805 he married Sophia W. Carstarphen; Nathaniel G. Nevill and others.
The Will of William Burt, Sr, in 1824 noted daughter Sally Nevill, and granddaughter Sophia W. Carstarphane. Osmond J. Nevill was noted as a son-in-law.
Cynthia Nevill was born in October, 1772.
Bathsheba Nevill was born in 1778. She married Wilmont Whitaker, who died before October, 1816.
Elizabeth “Betsy” Nevill was born about 1782.
Reddin Nevill was born before 1787. He married Frances Barnes, then Gilly Hill in 1830.
Martha Nevill was born about 1789.
Patsy Nevill was born about 1790 married Lemuel Crawley.
Thomas R. Nevill was born about 1790 and died after 1862 in Heathsville, Halifax County. He married Sarah T. “Sally” Green. He had a son, Drury A. Neville who settled in Dallas County, Arkansas where he died in 1879.
Patrick Henry Nevill was born about 1793 and died in February, 1856 in Halifax. He married Lydia G. Smith in June, 1825.
James Nevill was born about 1794 and he married Nancy Green.
Thomas R. Nevill, son of Benjamin Nevill
Thomas R. Nevill was born about 1744 in Halifax and married Sarah Green, daughter of George Green and Nancy Smith. He died in 1832 in Halifax. A deed from Thomas Nevill to his son Benjamin Nevill was filed in 1788 in Halifax County. It also notes a son Jesse Nevill. The witnesses were Goodman Nevill and John Nevill. A deed in 1793 to Jesse son of Thomas Nevill notes 225 acres on Bear Swamp and adjacent to Jesse’s brothers Edmund and Benjamin. Again this was witnessed by Goodman Nevill and John Nevill. In 1796, Thomas Nevill sold to John Nevill for $100 a negro girl Pat; 1 feather bed & furniture, 1 chest, 1 trunk, 1 linnen wheel, which Thomas had lent to his wife Sarah Nevill, which would become John’s after either of their deaths, in addition to anything else they might later give. The witnesses again were Goodman Nevill, and Nancy Nevill. Goodman Nevill, Benjamin Nevill and Jesse Nevill witnessed a gift deed Mill, a negro wench, to Josiah Smith and his children (Thomas’ grandchildren) James Smith, Guilford Smith, Elizabeth Haile, and Sarah Haile. In 1802 Thomas gave his son Edmund Nevill, 267 acres on the east side of Beaver Dam Swamp, joining John, Jesse and Benjamin Nevill. The witnesses again were Goodmund Nevill and Jesse Nevill.
The children of Thomas R. Nevill and Sarah Nevill
Jesse Nevill born July 5, 1759 and died in Halifax County in 1819. His will lists daughter Sarah, who was married to Benjamin Nevill, Jr., Tempy Holt, Jack Nevill, and notes lands called Daniels and land bought of Chappell Carstarphan.
Mary Nevill born 1760
Goodman Nvill born about 1765
Benjamin Nevill born about 1768
John Nevill born in 1770
William Nevil born in 1772
Edmund Nevill born in 1776
Jesse Nevill, son of Benjamin Nevill
Jesse Nevill was born September 24, 1746 in Halifax County, North Carolina. He received a deed from Edmond Neville in 1806 for 188 acres joining Beaver Dam Swamp and the land of John and Jesse Nevill. He later sold this land and removed to Hillsborough, Orange County, North Carolina where he died in 1809. Jesse married Elizabeth Parke who was born September 8, 1752 and their children were:
Goodwin Neville, born January 13, 1771 in Orange County
Cynthia Neville born October 18, 1772
Elizabeth Neville born Januarey 28, 1775
Benjamin Neville born July 8, 1779 in Chapel Hill, Orange County
Jesse Nevill, Jr. born December 29, 1779, Chapel Hill, Orange County
Goodman Neville born January 9, 1781, Chapel Hill, Orange County
Cynthia Aris Ann Neville, born March 16, 1786 Chapel Hill, Orange County
Wiley Whitley Neville, born December 16, 1787 Orange County
Samuel Parke Neville, born March 23, 1790, Orange County
Sarah Selah Neville born April 16, 1792, Orange County.
Elizabeth Nevill was born about 1748 in Halifax County, North Carolina. She married Patrick Martin. There was a large family of Martins in Halifax.
James Nevill was born in 1749 in Halifax County, North Carolina.
The Nevills continued in Halifax County until 1810. There are other references to cousins including Thomas Nevill of Halifax who purchased 491 acres on both sides of Bear Branch from Lord Granville in 1760. North Carolina Revolutionary soldiers included Captain William Nevill, 1782 of Camden County; Drury Nevill, soldier; Jesse nevill who served in South Carolina under North Carolina Officers in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment, in 1778.
1. William Nevill: About 1642 arrived in Isle of Wight, Virginia: Died before 1665
2. John Nevill married Eizabeth and died before 1704
3. Benjamin Nevill married Elizabeth and died 1759 Halifax County, North Carolina
- John Nevill
- Jesse Nevile
- Benjamin Nevill, Jr.
- Elizabeth Nevill
- Bridget Nevill m. Charles Gee II: born about 1705 Nansemond County, Virginia and died September 10, 1748 Surry County, Virginia